A direct numerical simulation (DNS) model is developed to achieve pore-level description of polymer electrolyte fuel cell (PEFC) electrodes. The DNS method solves point-wise accurate conservation equations directly on an electrode microstructure comprising of various phases and hence utilizes the intrinsic transport properties of each phase. Idealized two- and three-dimensional regular microstructures are constructed to represent the porous cathode catalyst layer. Various voltage losses identified from the simulation results are compared with experimental observations. This pore-scale model is further applied to study the morphological effects, such as pore size, layer thickness and porosity, on the performance of the cathode catalyst layer.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Chemical Engineering(all)