Direct numerical simulations of turbulent channel flow under transcritical conditions

Peter C. Ma, Xiang I.A. Yang, Matthias Ihme

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution


Turbulent flows under transcritical conditions are present in regenerative cooling systems of rocker engines and extraction processes in chemical engineering. The turbulent flows and the corresponding heat transfer phenomena in these complex processes are still not well understood experimentally and numerically. The objective of this work is to investigate the turbulent flows under transcritical conditions using DNS of turbulent channel flows. A fully compressible solver is used in conjunction with a Peng-Robinson real-fluid equation of state to describe the transcritical flows. A channel flow with two isothermal walls is simulated with one heated and one cooled boundary layers. The grid resolution adopted in this study is slightly finer than that required for DNS of incompressible channel flows. The simulations are conducted using both fully (FC) and quasi-conservative (QC) schemes to assess their performance for transcritical wall-bounded flows. The instantaneous flows and the statistics are analyzed and compared with the canonical theories. It is found that results from both FC and QC schemes qualitatively agree well with noticeable difference near the top heated wall, where spurious oscillations in velocity can be observed. Using the DNS data, we then examine the usefulness of Townsend attached eddy hypothesis in the context of flows at transcritical conditions. It is shown that the streamwise energy spectrum exhibits the inverse wavenumber scaling and that the streamwise velocity structure function follows a logarithmic scaling, thus providing support to the attached eddy model at transcritical conditions.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationAIAA Aerospace Sciences Meeting
PublisherAmerican Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics Inc, AIAA
ISBN (Print)9781624105241
StatePublished - 2018
EventAIAA Aerospace Sciences Meeting, 2018 - Kissimmee, United States
Duration: Jan 8 2018Jan 12 2018

Publication series

NameAIAA Aerospace Sciences Meeting, 2018


OtherAIAA Aerospace Sciences Meeting, 2018
Country/TerritoryUnited States

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Aerospace Engineering


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