We report the direct observation of the superconducting gap of Sr2RuO4, by means of tunnelling spectroscopy. The tunneling conductance parallel to the c axis was measured using a scanning tunneling microscope operating in a dilution refrigerator. Our results show a suppression in the density of states of Sr2RuO4 which disappears at temperatures higher than Tc or in the presence of a magnetic field larger than the critical field. This demonstrates that superconductivity persists up to the crystal surface and allows us to infer a lower limit of 8.0 for 2Δmax/kTc in the bulk. We attribute this large value to a strong in-plane anisotropy of the gap.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||4|
|Journal||Physical Review B - Condensed Matter and Materials Physics|
|State||Published - Jun 1 2002|
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
- Condensed Matter Physics