Direct writing of metal nanoparticle films inside sealed microfluidic channels

Edward T. Castellana, Sho Kataoka, Fernando Albertorio, Paul S. Cremer

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

27 Scopus citations


Herein we demonstrate the ability to pattern Ag nanoparticle films of arbitrary geometry inside sealed PDMS/ Ti02/glass microfluidic devices. The technique can be employed with aqueous solutions at room temperature under mild conditions. A 6 nm TiO2 film is first deposited onto a planar Pyrex or silica substrate, which is subsequently bonded to a PDMS mold. UV light is then exposed through the device to reduce Ag + from an aqueous solution to create a monolayer-thick film of Ag nanoparticles. We demonstrate that this on-chip deposition method can be exploited in a parallel fashion to synthesize nanoparticles of varying size by independently controlling the solution conditions in each microchannel in which the film is formed. The film morphology was checked by atomic force microscopy, and the results showed that the size of the nanoparticles was sensitive to solution pH. Additionally, we illustrate the ability to biofunctionalize these films with ligands for protein capture. The results indicated that this could be done with good discrimination between addressed locations and background. The technique appears to be quite general, and films of Pd, Cu, and Au could also be patterned.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)107-112
Number of pages6
JournalAnalytical chemistry
Issue number1
StatePublished - Jan 1 2006

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Analytical Chemistry

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