Disc1 regulates both β-catenin-mediated and noncanonical Wnt signaling during vertebrate embryogenesis

Gianluca De Rienzo, Joshua A. Bishop, Yingwei Mao, Luyuan Pan, Taylur P. Ma, Cecilia B. Moens, Li Huei Tsai, Hazel Sive

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

35 Scopus citations

Abstract

Disc1 is a schizophrenia risk gene that engages multiple signaling pathways during neurogenesis and brain development. Using the zebrafish as a tool, we analyze the function of zebrafish Disc1 (zDisc1) at the earliest stages of brain and body development. We define a "tool" as a biological system that gives insight into mechanisms underlying a human disorder, although the system does not phenocopy the disorder. A zDisc1 peptide binds to GSK3β, and zDisc1 directs early brain development and neurogenesis, by promoting β-catenin-mediated Wnt signaling and inhibiting GSK3β activity. zDisc1 loss-of-function embryos additionally display a convergence and extension phenotype, demonstrated by abnormal movement of dorsolateral cells during gastrulation, through changes in gene expression, and later through formation of abnormal, U-shaped muscle segments, and a truncated tail. These phenotypes are caused by alterations in the noncanonical Wnt pathway, via Daam and Rho signaling. The convergence and extension phenotype can be rescued by a dominant negative GSK3β construct, suggesting that zDisc1 inhibits GSK3β activity during noncanonical Wnt signaling. This is the first demonstration that Disc1 modulates the noncanonical Wnt pathway and suggests a previously unconsidered mechanism by which Disc1 may contribute to the etiology of neuropsychiatric disorders.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)4184-4197
Number of pages14
JournalFASEB Journal
Volume25
Issue number12
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 2011

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Biotechnology
  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology
  • Genetics

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