Discovery of very high energy γ -ray emission from the SNR G54.1+0.3

V. A. Acciari, E. Aliu, T. Arlen, T. Aune, M. Bautista, M. Beilicke, W. Benbow, D. Boltuch, S. M. Bradbury, J. H. Buckley, V. Bugaev, Y. Butt, K. Byrum, A. Cesarini, L. Ciupik, W. Cui, R. Dickherber, C. Duke, J. P. Finley, G. FinneganL. Fortson, A. Furniss, N. Galante, D. Gall, G. H. Gillanders, S. Godambe, E. V. Gotthelf, J. Grube, R. Guenette, G. Gyuk, D. Hanna, J. Holder, C. M. Hui, T. B. Humensky, A. Imran, P. Kaaret, N. Karlsson, M. Kertzman, D. Kieda, A. Konopelko, H. Krawczynski, F. Krennrich, M. J. Lang, S. LeBohec, G. Maier, S. McArthur, A. McCann, M. McCutcheon, P. Moriarty, R. Muhkerjee, R. A. Ong, A. N. Otte, D. Pandel, J. S. Perkins, M. Pohl, J. Quinn, K. Ragan, L. C. Reyes, P. T. Reynolds, E. Roache, H. J. Rose, M. Schroedter, G. H. Sembroski, Demet Senturk G. Demet Senturk, P. Slane, A. W. Smith, D. Steele, S. P. Swordy, G. Těsić, M. Theiling, S. Thibadeau, V. V. Vassiliev, S. Vincent, S. P. Wakely, J. E. Ward, T. C. Weekes, A. Weinstein, T. Weisgarber, D. A. Williams, S. Wissel, M. Wood, B. Zitzer

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

28 Scopus citations

Abstract

We report the discovery of very high energy (VHE) gamma-ray emission from the direction of the SNR G54.1+0.3 using the VERITAS ground-based gamma-ray observatory. The TeV signal has an overall significance of 6.8σ and appears pointlike given the resolution of the instrument. The integral flux above 1 TeV is 2.5% of the Crab Nebula flux and significant emission is measured between 250 GeV and 4 TeV, well described by a power-law energy spectrum dN/dE ∼ E with a photon index Γ = 2.39 ± 0.23 stat ± 0.30sys. We find no evidence of time variability among observations spanning almost two years. Based on the location, the morphology, the measured spectrum, the lack of variability, and a comparison with similar systems previously detected in the TeV band, the most likely counterpart of this new VHE gamma-ray source is the pulsar wind nebula (PWN) in the SNR G54.1+0.3. The measured X-ray to VHE gamma-ray luminosity ratio is the lowest among all the nebulae supposedly driven by young rotation-powered pulsars, which could indicate a particle-dominated PWN.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)L69-L73
JournalAstrophysical Journal Letters
Volume719
Issue number1 PART 2
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 10 2010

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Astronomy and Astrophysics
  • Space and Planetary Science

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Discovery of very high energy γ -ray emission from the SNR G54.1+0.3'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

  • Cite this

    Acciari, V. A., Aliu, E., Arlen, T., Aune, T., Bautista, M., Beilicke, M., Benbow, W., Boltuch, D., Bradbury, S. M., Buckley, J. H., Bugaev, V., Butt, Y., Byrum, K., Cesarini, A., Ciupik, L., Cui, W., Dickherber, R., Duke, C., Finley, J. P., ... Zitzer, B. (2010). Discovery of very high energy γ -ray emission from the SNR G54.1+0.3. Astrophysical Journal Letters, 719(1 PART 2), L69-L73. https://doi.org/10.1088/2041-8205/719/1/L69