The probability flux and velocity in stochastic reaction networks can help in characterizing dynamic changes in probability landscapes of these networks. Here, we study the behavior of three different models of probability flux, namely, the discrete flux model, the Fokker-Planck model, and a new continuum model of the Liouville flux. We compare these fluxes that are formulated based on, respectively, the chemical master equation, the stochastic differential equation, and the ordinary differential equation. We examine similarities and differences among these models at the nonequilibrium steady state for the toggle switch network under different binding and unbinding conditions. Our results show that at a strong stochastic condition of weak promoter binding, continuum models of Fokker-Planck and Liouville fluxes deviate significantly from the discrete flux model. Furthermore, we report the discovery of stochastic oscillation in the toggle-switch system occurring at weak binding conditions, a phenomenon captured only by the discrete flux model.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Physics and Astronomy(all)
- Physical and Theoretical Chemistry