Gliese 667C is an M1.5V star with a multi-planet system, including planet candidates in the habitable zone. The exact number of planets in the system is unclear, because the existing radial velocity (RV) measurements are known to contain contributions from stellar magnetic activity. Following our analysis of Gliese 581, we have analyzed the effect of stellar activity on the HARPS/HARPS-TERRA RVs of GJ 667C, finding a significant RV-activity correlation when using the width (FWHM) of the HARPS cross-correlation function to trace the magnetic activity. When we correct for this correlation, we confirm the detections of the previously observed planets b and c in the system, while simultaneously ascribing the RV signal near 90 days ("planet d") to an artifact of the stellar rotation. We are unable to confirm the existence of the additional RV periodicities described in Anglada-Escudé et al. in our activity-corrected data.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Astronomy and Astrophysics
- Space and Planetary Science