Disentangling the Contributions of Climate and Basin Characteristics to Water Yield Across Spatial and Temporal Scales in the Yangtze River Basin

A Combined Hydrological Model and Boosted Regression Approach

Fengyun Sun, Alfonso Ignacio Mejia, Yue Che

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

The dependence and contribution of explanatory variables or predictors to water yield need to be closely analyzed and accurately quantified to better understand water balances as well as for effective water resources management. It is generally challenging, however, to disentangle the contribution of individual climate variables from that of basin characteristics to the integrated water yield response. Here we propose a method to concurrently quantify and analyze the effects of climate and basin predictors on water yields. This method employs the Soil and Water Assessment Tool (SWAT) to simulate water yield. Simulated results are then analyzed and compared using Boosted Regression Trees (BRTs) at multiple spatial and temporal scales. Results indicate that in the Yangtze River Basin (YRB) on average, precipitation is of paramount importance, followed by land cover, while slope has the lowest contribution. The average relative contributions of soil moisture, maximum and minimum temperatures are different among temporal scales. More stable and reliable results are derived at the daily scale compared to the yearly and monthly scale. Our results make evident that generalizations about water yield response made in the absence of a comprehensive and accurate description of site- and scale-specific contributions can lead to misleading assessments. This proposed approach can be useful for informing and supporting more effective water resources management goals.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)3449-3468
Number of pages20
JournalWater Resources Management
Volume33
Issue number10
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 15 2019

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water yield
Catchments
river basin
Rivers
climate
basin
yield response
Water
Water resources
water budget
land cover
Soil moisture
soil moisture
Soils
temperature

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Civil and Structural Engineering
  • Water Science and Technology

Cite this

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title = "Disentangling the Contributions of Climate and Basin Characteristics to Water Yield Across Spatial and Temporal Scales in the Yangtze River Basin: A Combined Hydrological Model and Boosted Regression Approach",
abstract = "The dependence and contribution of explanatory variables or predictors to water yield need to be closely analyzed and accurately quantified to better understand water balances as well as for effective water resources management. It is generally challenging, however, to disentangle the contribution of individual climate variables from that of basin characteristics to the integrated water yield response. Here we propose a method to concurrently quantify and analyze the effects of climate and basin predictors on water yields. This method employs the Soil and Water Assessment Tool (SWAT) to simulate water yield. Simulated results are then analyzed and compared using Boosted Regression Trees (BRTs) at multiple spatial and temporal scales. Results indicate that in the Yangtze River Basin (YRB) on average, precipitation is of paramount importance, followed by land cover, while slope has the lowest contribution. The average relative contributions of soil moisture, maximum and minimum temperatures are different among temporal scales. More stable and reliable results are derived at the daily scale compared to the yearly and monthly scale. Our results make evident that generalizations about water yield response made in the absence of a comprehensive and accurate description of site- and scale-specific contributions can lead to misleading assessments. This proposed approach can be useful for informing and supporting more effective water resources management goals.",
author = "Fengyun Sun and Mejia, {Alfonso Ignacio} and Yue Che",
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AU - Mejia, Alfonso Ignacio

AU - Che, Yue

PY - 2019/8/15

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AB - The dependence and contribution of explanatory variables or predictors to water yield need to be closely analyzed and accurately quantified to better understand water balances as well as for effective water resources management. It is generally challenging, however, to disentangle the contribution of individual climate variables from that of basin characteristics to the integrated water yield response. Here we propose a method to concurrently quantify and analyze the effects of climate and basin predictors on water yields. This method employs the Soil and Water Assessment Tool (SWAT) to simulate water yield. Simulated results are then analyzed and compared using Boosted Regression Trees (BRTs) at multiple spatial and temporal scales. Results indicate that in the Yangtze River Basin (YRB) on average, precipitation is of paramount importance, followed by land cover, while slope has the lowest contribution. The average relative contributions of soil moisture, maximum and minimum temperatures are different among temporal scales. More stable and reliable results are derived at the daily scale compared to the yearly and monthly scale. Our results make evident that generalizations about water yield response made in the absence of a comprehensive and accurate description of site- and scale-specific contributions can lead to misleading assessments. This proposed approach can be useful for informing and supporting more effective water resources management goals.

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