Disparities in smoking cessation among U.S. adults with a history of asthma

Gary King, Anthony P. Polednak, Tamika Gilreath, Robert B. Bendel

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

6 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background: Socioeconomic status (SES) and racial-ethnic disparities in smoking essation among U.S. adults with a history of asthma have received limited attention. Purpose: This study examined socio demo graphic characteristics associated with smoking cessation in national samples of adults with a self-reported history of asthma. Methods: Data from the National Health Interview Survey (years 2000 and 2001 combined) was used to assess the quit ratio (i.e., former smokers as a proportion of ever-smokers) by sociodemographic characteristics, and predictors of former versus current smoking status were examined with multiple logistic regression. Results: Quit ratios were 53% in Hispanics, 52% in non-Hispanic Whites, and 42% in African American eversmokers. The quit ratio reached 70% in college graduates versus 45% in those with less than 12 years of education. In multivariate analyses, education and marital status but not racially classified social groups/ethnicity were independently associated with former versus current smoking. Conclusions: Expanded smoking cessation efforts are needed among persons with a history of asthma, especially those of lower SES.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)312-317
Number of pages6
JournalAnnals of Behavioral Medicine
Volume33
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 13 2007

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Psychology(all)
  • Psychiatry and Mental health

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Disparities in smoking cessation among U.S. adults with a history of asthma'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

  • Cite this