Disruptive mood dysregulation disorder (DMDD) is a controversial DSM-5 diagnosis. It is not known how DMDD symptoms vary by age and if differences are similar for autism, ADHD, and general population samples. Our study analyzed the two DMDD symptoms (irritable-angry mood and temper outbursts) in 1,827 children with autism or ADHD (with or without oppositional defiant disorder/ODD) and 657 general-population children 2–16 years of age. DMDD symptoms were rated by mothers on the Pediatric Behavior Scale. For all age groups, mean DMDD scores were less than sometimes a problem in the general population and ADHD-Inattentive (ADHD-I) samples, greater than sometimes but less than often a problem in autism and ADHD-Combined (ADHD-C), and greater than often a problem in children with autism or ADHD who also had ODD. DMDD symptoms were unrelated to age in children six and older. Preschool children with ADHD-C, ADHD-I, and ODD had more DMDD symptoms than school-age children, but DMDD symptoms did not differ by age in autism. DMDD symptoms were found in 45% of children with autism and were common at all ages. Evidence-based interventions are discussed.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||15|
|Journal||Journal of Mental Health Research in Intellectual Disabilities|
|State||Published - Oct 2 2017|
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Psychiatry and Mental health