Dissecting a wildlife disease hotspot: The impact of multiple host species, environmental transmission and seasonality in migration, breeding and mortality

V. L. Brown, J. M. Drake, D. E. Stallknecht, J. D. Brown, K. Pedersen, P. Rohani

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

20 Scopus citations

Abstract

Avian influenza viruses (AIVs) have been implicated in all human influenza pandemics in recent history. Despite this, surprisingly little is known about the mechanisms underlying the maintenance and spread of these viruses in their natural bird reservoirs. Surveillance has identified an AIV 'hotspot' in shorebirds at Delaware Bay, in which prevalence is estimated to exceed other monitored sites by an order of magnitude. To better understand the factors that create an AIV hotspot, we developed and parametrized a mechanistic transmission model to study the simultaneous epizootiological impacts of multi-species transmission, seasonal breeding, host migration and mixed transmission routes. We scrutinized our model to examine the potential for an AIV hotspot to serve as a 'gateway' for the spread of novel viruses into North America. Our findings identify the conditions under which a novel influenza virus, if introduced into the system, could successfully invade and proliferate. & 2012 The Author(s). Published by the Royal Society. All rights reserved.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number20120804
JournalJournal of the Royal Society Interface
Volume10
Issue number79
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 6 2013

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Biotechnology
  • Biophysics
  • Bioengineering
  • Biomaterials
  • Biochemistry
  • Biomedical Engineering

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