Distal and Proximal Family Contextual Effects on Adolescents’ Interparental Conflict Appraisals: A Daily Diary Study

Gregory M. Fosco, Devin M. McCauley, Carlie J. Sloan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations

Abstract

Adolescent appraisals of interparental conflict (IPC)—perceiving IPC as threatening to their well-being or that of the family, and self-blaming attributions—are well-established processes through which IPC confers risk for developmental disruptions and psychopathology. Recent work documents intraindividual change in IPC and appraisals that occur on a daily timescale. However, considerably less is known about how the broader family context may temper appraisals of IPC. This study provides a novel examination of the implications of distal (global ratings of family relationships in general) and proximal (fluctuations in daily family relationships) family context (family cohesion, parent–adolescent closeness, and parent–adolescent conflict) for adolescents’ propensity to form negative appraisals of daily IPC. This sample included 144 adolescents (63% female) in two-parent families, who participated in a 21-day daily diary study. Findings indicate that intraindividual variability in adolescents’ perception of family cohesion, parent–adolescent closeness, and parent–adolescent conflict all correspond to adolescent appraisals of IPC through direct relations and moderating effects. Unique patterns emerged for boys and girls, suggesting gender differences in how adolescents incorporate the family context into their appraisals of IPC.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)927-938
Number of pages12
JournalJournal of Family Psychology
Volume35
Issue number7
DOIs
StatePublished - 2021

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Psychology(all)

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