Abstract

Background: Susceptibility MRI may capture Parkinson's disease-related pathology. This study delineated longitudinal changes in different substantia nigra regions. Methods: Seventy-two PD patients and 62 controls were studied at both baseline and after 18 months with MRI. R2* and quantitative susceptibility mapping values from the substantia nigra pars compacta and substantia nigra pars reticulata were calculated. Mixed-effects models compared controls with PD or PD subgroups having different disease durations: early (<1 year), middle (<5 years, middle-stage PD), and late (>5 years, late-stage PD). Pearson's correlation assessed associations between imaging and clinical measures. Results: At baseline, R2* and quantitative susceptibility mapping were higher in both the substantia nigra pars compacta and substantia nigra pars reticulata in all PD patients (group effect, P ≤ 0.003). Longitudinally, the substantia nigra pars compacta R2* showed a faster increase in PD compared with controls (time × group, P = 0.002), whereas quantitative susceptibility mapping did not (P = 0.668). The substantia nigra pars reticulata R2* and quantitative susceptibility mapping did not differ between PD and controls (time × group, P ≥ 0.084), although both decreased longitudinally (time effect, P ≤ 0.004). Baseline substantia nigra pars compacta R2* was higher in all PD subgroups (group, P ≤ 0.006), but showed a significantly faster increase only in later-stage PD (time × group, P < 0.0001) that correlated with changes in nonmotor symptoms (r = 0.746, P = 0.002). Baseline substantia nigra pars reticulata quantitative susceptibility mapping was higher in middle-stage PD and later-stage PD (group, P ≤ 0.002), but showed a longitudinal decrease (time × group, P = 0.004) only in later-stage PD that correlated with changes in motor signs (r = 0.837, P < 0.001). Conclusion: Susceptibility MRI revealed distinct patterns of PD progression in the substantia nigra pars compacta and substantia nigra pars reticulata. The different patterns are particularly clear in later-stage patients. These findings may resolve past controversies and have implications in the pathophysiological processes during PD progression.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1423-1431
Number of pages9
JournalMovement Disorders
Volume33
Issue number9
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 1 2018

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Substantia Nigra
Control Groups
Parkinson Disease
Longitudinal Studies
Pars Reticulata
Pars Compacta
Pathology

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Neurology
  • Clinical Neurology

Cite this

@article{9fa83dd6aba14e148c231032c4910178,
title = "Distinct progression pattern of susceptibility MRI in the substantia nigra of Parkinson's patients",
abstract = "Background: Susceptibility MRI may capture Parkinson's disease-related pathology. This study delineated longitudinal changes in different substantia nigra regions. Methods: Seventy-two PD patients and 62 controls were studied at both baseline and after 18 months with MRI. R2* and quantitative susceptibility mapping values from the substantia nigra pars compacta and substantia nigra pars reticulata were calculated. Mixed-effects models compared controls with PD or PD subgroups having different disease durations: early (<1 year), middle (<5 years, middle-stage PD), and late (>5 years, late-stage PD). Pearson's correlation assessed associations between imaging and clinical measures. Results: At baseline, R2* and quantitative susceptibility mapping were higher in both the substantia nigra pars compacta and substantia nigra pars reticulata in all PD patients (group effect, P ≤ 0.003). Longitudinally, the substantia nigra pars compacta R2* showed a faster increase in PD compared with controls (time × group, P = 0.002), whereas quantitative susceptibility mapping did not (P = 0.668). The substantia nigra pars reticulata R2* and quantitative susceptibility mapping did not differ between PD and controls (time × group, P ≥ 0.084), although both decreased longitudinally (time effect, P ≤ 0.004). Baseline substantia nigra pars compacta R2* was higher in all PD subgroups (group, P ≤ 0.006), but showed a significantly faster increase only in later-stage PD (time × group, P < 0.0001) that correlated with changes in nonmotor symptoms (r = 0.746, P = 0.002). Baseline substantia nigra pars reticulata quantitative susceptibility mapping was higher in middle-stage PD and later-stage PD (group, P ≤ 0.002), but showed a longitudinal decrease (time × group, P = 0.004) only in later-stage PD that correlated with changes in motor signs (r = 0.837, P < 0.001). Conclusion: Susceptibility MRI revealed distinct patterns of PD progression in the substantia nigra pars compacta and substantia nigra pars reticulata. The different patterns are particularly clear in later-stage patients. These findings may resolve past controversies and have implications in the pathophysiological processes during PD progression.",
author = "Guangwei Du and Mechelle Lewis and Christopher Sica and Lu He and James Connor and Lan Kong and Richard Mailman and Xuemei Huang",
year = "2018",
month = "9",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1002/mds.27318",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "33",
pages = "1423--1431",
journal = "Movement Disorders",
issn = "0885-3185",
publisher = "John Wiley and Sons Inc.",
number = "9",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Distinct progression pattern of susceptibility MRI in the substantia nigra of Parkinson's patients

AU - Du, Guangwei

AU - Lewis, Mechelle

AU - Sica, Christopher

AU - He, Lu

AU - Connor, James

AU - Kong, Lan

AU - Mailman, Richard

AU - Huang, Xuemei

PY - 2018/9/1

Y1 - 2018/9/1

N2 - Background: Susceptibility MRI may capture Parkinson's disease-related pathology. This study delineated longitudinal changes in different substantia nigra regions. Methods: Seventy-two PD patients and 62 controls were studied at both baseline and after 18 months with MRI. R2* and quantitative susceptibility mapping values from the substantia nigra pars compacta and substantia nigra pars reticulata were calculated. Mixed-effects models compared controls with PD or PD subgroups having different disease durations: early (<1 year), middle (<5 years, middle-stage PD), and late (>5 years, late-stage PD). Pearson's correlation assessed associations between imaging and clinical measures. Results: At baseline, R2* and quantitative susceptibility mapping were higher in both the substantia nigra pars compacta and substantia nigra pars reticulata in all PD patients (group effect, P ≤ 0.003). Longitudinally, the substantia nigra pars compacta R2* showed a faster increase in PD compared with controls (time × group, P = 0.002), whereas quantitative susceptibility mapping did not (P = 0.668). The substantia nigra pars reticulata R2* and quantitative susceptibility mapping did not differ between PD and controls (time × group, P ≥ 0.084), although both decreased longitudinally (time effect, P ≤ 0.004). Baseline substantia nigra pars compacta R2* was higher in all PD subgroups (group, P ≤ 0.006), but showed a significantly faster increase only in later-stage PD (time × group, P < 0.0001) that correlated with changes in nonmotor symptoms (r = 0.746, P = 0.002). Baseline substantia nigra pars reticulata quantitative susceptibility mapping was higher in middle-stage PD and later-stage PD (group, P ≤ 0.002), but showed a longitudinal decrease (time × group, P = 0.004) only in later-stage PD that correlated with changes in motor signs (r = 0.837, P < 0.001). Conclusion: Susceptibility MRI revealed distinct patterns of PD progression in the substantia nigra pars compacta and substantia nigra pars reticulata. The different patterns are particularly clear in later-stage patients. These findings may resolve past controversies and have implications in the pathophysiological processes during PD progression.

AB - Background: Susceptibility MRI may capture Parkinson's disease-related pathology. This study delineated longitudinal changes in different substantia nigra regions. Methods: Seventy-two PD patients and 62 controls were studied at both baseline and after 18 months with MRI. R2* and quantitative susceptibility mapping values from the substantia nigra pars compacta and substantia nigra pars reticulata were calculated. Mixed-effects models compared controls with PD or PD subgroups having different disease durations: early (<1 year), middle (<5 years, middle-stage PD), and late (>5 years, late-stage PD). Pearson's correlation assessed associations between imaging and clinical measures. Results: At baseline, R2* and quantitative susceptibility mapping were higher in both the substantia nigra pars compacta and substantia nigra pars reticulata in all PD patients (group effect, P ≤ 0.003). Longitudinally, the substantia nigra pars compacta R2* showed a faster increase in PD compared with controls (time × group, P = 0.002), whereas quantitative susceptibility mapping did not (P = 0.668). The substantia nigra pars reticulata R2* and quantitative susceptibility mapping did not differ between PD and controls (time × group, P ≥ 0.084), although both decreased longitudinally (time effect, P ≤ 0.004). Baseline substantia nigra pars compacta R2* was higher in all PD subgroups (group, P ≤ 0.006), but showed a significantly faster increase only in later-stage PD (time × group, P < 0.0001) that correlated with changes in nonmotor symptoms (r = 0.746, P = 0.002). Baseline substantia nigra pars reticulata quantitative susceptibility mapping was higher in middle-stage PD and later-stage PD (group, P ≤ 0.002), but showed a longitudinal decrease (time × group, P = 0.004) only in later-stage PD that correlated with changes in motor signs (r = 0.837, P < 0.001). Conclusion: Susceptibility MRI revealed distinct patterns of PD progression in the substantia nigra pars compacta and substantia nigra pars reticulata. The different patterns are particularly clear in later-stage patients. These findings may resolve past controversies and have implications in the pathophysiological processes during PD progression.

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U2 - 10.1002/mds.27318

DO - 10.1002/mds.27318

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C2 - 29756399

AN - SCOPUS:85054178681

VL - 33

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EP - 1431

JO - Movement Disorders

JF - Movement Disorders

SN - 0885-3185

IS - 9

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