Abstract

Background: Susceptibility MRI may capture Parkinson's disease-related pathology. This study delineated longitudinal changes in different substantia nigra regions. Methods: Seventy-two PD patients and 62 controls were studied at both baseline and after 18 months with MRI. R2* and quantitative susceptibility mapping values from the substantia nigra pars compacta and substantia nigra pars reticulata were calculated. Mixed-effects models compared controls with PD or PD subgroups having different disease durations: early (<1 year), middle (<5 years, middle-stage PD), and late (>5 years, late-stage PD). Pearson's correlation assessed associations between imaging and clinical measures. Results: At baseline, R2* and quantitative susceptibility mapping were higher in both the substantia nigra pars compacta and substantia nigra pars reticulata in all PD patients (group effect, P ≤ 0.003). Longitudinally, the substantia nigra pars compacta R2* showed a faster increase in PD compared with controls (time × group, P = 0.002), whereas quantitative susceptibility mapping did not (P = 0.668). The substantia nigra pars reticulata R2* and quantitative susceptibility mapping did not differ between PD and controls (time × group, P ≥ 0.084), although both decreased longitudinally (time effect, P ≤ 0.004). Baseline substantia nigra pars compacta R2* was higher in all PD subgroups (group, P ≤ 0.006), but showed a significantly faster increase only in later-stage PD (time × group, P < 0.0001) that correlated with changes in nonmotor symptoms (r = 0.746, P = 0.002). Baseline substantia nigra pars reticulata quantitative susceptibility mapping was higher in middle-stage PD and later-stage PD (group, P ≤ 0.002), but showed a longitudinal decrease (time × group, P = 0.004) only in later-stage PD that correlated with changes in motor signs (r = 0.837, P < 0.001). Conclusion: Susceptibility MRI revealed distinct patterns of PD progression in the substantia nigra pars compacta and substantia nigra pars reticulata. The different patterns are particularly clear in later-stage patients. These findings may resolve past controversies and have implications in the pathophysiological processes during PD progression.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1423-1431
Number of pages9
JournalMovement Disorders
Volume33
Issue number9
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 2018

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Neurology
  • Clinical Neurology

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Distinct progression pattern of susceptibility MRI in the substantia nigra of Parkinson's patients'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

  • Cite this