Distorted pictures: Images of disability in physical education textbooks

Brent Hardin, Marie Hardin

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

23 Scopus citations


The purpose of this study was to examine the images of disability in general physical education textbooks. Photographs in 59 general physical education textbooks were examined via content analysis. A recording instrument was generated to categorize and analyze the textbook images. The findings indicate that general physical education textbooks do not usually include photographs of persons with disabilities, instead presenting the general physical education setting as noninclusive. Furthermore, the photographs that were included presented persons with disabilities in a stereotypical manner that generally did not encourage readers without disabilities to see their peers more realistically or persons with disabilities to see themselves more positively. The authors speculate on the role of cultural hegemony and body politics in sport as reasons for the exclusion of people with disabilities.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)399-413
Number of pages15
JournalAdapted Physical Activity Quarterly
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - Oct 2004


All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Physical Therapy, Sports Therapy and Rehabilitation

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