This paper proposes a novel distributed control architecture for output power regulation of doubly fed induction generator (DFIG) based wind turbines (WTs) with on-site battery energy storage systems (BESSs). The proposed distributed control architecture receives information from adjacent WTs+BESSs to control the DFIG's grid side converter (GSC) and the storage unit for output active/reactive power regulation and energy management purposes. The proposed method guarantees the equal active power sharing and energy management of WTs+BESSs in various wind speed conditions. A distributed controller is also designed to respond to the reactive power demand and share the reactive load demand between the GSC and BESS controllers based on their capacities. Furthermore, a controller is designed to account for the communication delays caused by the communication systems based on the IEEE standards. The proposed method is tested on the modified IEEE 14-bus power system with 10 WTs+BESSs.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Energy Engineering and Power Technology
- Electrical and Electronic Engineering