We carried out a unique and systematic characterization of single amphoteric Si/SiO2 interface traps using the charge pumping (CP) method. As a result, we obtained the distribution of the energy levels of these traps for the first time. The distribution is reasonably similar to that of the Pb0 density of states reported previously. By considering the essential nature of these traps (i.e., those with two energy levels), factors depending on the energy levels, and the Coulomb interactions between traps, we fundamentally corrected the conventional CP theory.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Physics and Astronomy(all)