Through convection-permitting ensemble and sensitivity experiments, this study examines the impact of the diurnal radiation cycle on the pregenesis environment of Hurricane Karl (2010). It is found that the pregenesis environmental stability and the intensity of deep moist convection can be considerably modulated by the diurnal extremes in radiation. Nighttime destabilization of the local and large-scale environment through radiative cooling may promote deep moist convection and increase the genesis potential, likely enhancing the intensity of the resultant tropical cyclones. Modified longwave and shortwave radiation experiments found tropical cyclone development to be highly sensitive to the periodic cycle of heating and cooling, with suppressed formation in the daytime-only and no-radiation experiments and quicker intensification compared with the control for nighttime-only experiments.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Atmospheric Science