Diversity of Chlorophototrophic Bacteria Revealed in the Omics Era

Vera Thiel, Marcus Tank, Donald Ashley Bryant

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

9 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Because of recent advances in omics methodologies, knowledge of chlorophototrophy (i.e., chlorophyll-based phototrophy) in bacteria has rapidly increased. Chlorophototrophs currently are known to occur in seven bacterial phyla: Cyanobacteria, Proteobacteria, Chlorobi, Chloroflexi, Firmicutes, Acidobacteria, and Gemmatimonadetes. Other organisms that can produce chlorophylls and photochemical reaction centers may still be undiscovered. Here we summarize the current status of the taxonomy and phylogeny of chlorophototrophic bacteria as revealed by genomic methods. In specific cases, we briefly describe important ecophysiological and metabolic insights that have been gained from the application of genomic methods to these bacteria. In the 20 years since the completion of the Synechocystis sp. PCC 6803 genome in 1996, approximately 1,100 genomes have been sequenced, which represents nearly the complete diversity of known chlorophototrophic bacteria. These data are leading to new insights into many important processes, including photosynthesis, nitrogen and carbon fixation, cellular differentiation and development, symbiosis, and ecosystem functionality.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)21-49
Number of pages29
JournalAnnual Review of Plant Biology
Volume69
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 29 2018

Fingerprint

Bacteria
bacteria
Chlorophyll
Phototrophic Processes
Acidobacteria
Chlorobi
Chloroflexi
Genome
photochemical reactions
Synechocystis sp. PCC 6803
Synechocystis
genomics
chlorophyll
Carbon Cycle
Proteobacteria
Nitrogen Fixation
Firmicutes
genome
Symbiosis
Calvin cycle

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Physiology
  • Molecular Biology
  • Plant Science
  • Cell Biology

Cite this

@article{0f445a3630b240b08554fed7d7a38048,
title = "Diversity of Chlorophototrophic Bacteria Revealed in the Omics Era",
abstract = "Because of recent advances in omics methodologies, knowledge of chlorophototrophy (i.e., chlorophyll-based phototrophy) in bacteria has rapidly increased. Chlorophototrophs currently are known to occur in seven bacterial phyla: Cyanobacteria, Proteobacteria, Chlorobi, Chloroflexi, Firmicutes, Acidobacteria, and Gemmatimonadetes. Other organisms that can produce chlorophylls and photochemical reaction centers may still be undiscovered. Here we summarize the current status of the taxonomy and phylogeny of chlorophototrophic bacteria as revealed by genomic methods. In specific cases, we briefly describe important ecophysiological and metabolic insights that have been gained from the application of genomic methods to these bacteria. In the 20 years since the completion of the Synechocystis sp. PCC 6803 genome in 1996, approximately 1,100 genomes have been sequenced, which represents nearly the complete diversity of known chlorophototrophic bacteria. These data are leading to new insights into many important processes, including photosynthesis, nitrogen and carbon fixation, cellular differentiation and development, symbiosis, and ecosystem functionality.",
author = "Vera Thiel and Marcus Tank and Bryant, {Donald Ashley}",
year = "2018",
month = "4",
day = "29",
doi = "10.1146/annurev-arplant-042817-040500",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "69",
pages = "21--49",
journal = "Annual Review of Plant Biology",
issn = "1543-5008",
publisher = "Annual Reviews Inc.",

}

Diversity of Chlorophototrophic Bacteria Revealed in the Omics Era. / Thiel, Vera; Tank, Marcus; Bryant, Donald Ashley.

In: Annual Review of Plant Biology, Vol. 69, 29.04.2018, p. 21-49.

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

TY - JOUR

T1 - Diversity of Chlorophototrophic Bacteria Revealed in the Omics Era

AU - Thiel, Vera

AU - Tank, Marcus

AU - Bryant, Donald Ashley

PY - 2018/4/29

Y1 - 2018/4/29

N2 - Because of recent advances in omics methodologies, knowledge of chlorophototrophy (i.e., chlorophyll-based phototrophy) in bacteria has rapidly increased. Chlorophototrophs currently are known to occur in seven bacterial phyla: Cyanobacteria, Proteobacteria, Chlorobi, Chloroflexi, Firmicutes, Acidobacteria, and Gemmatimonadetes. Other organisms that can produce chlorophylls and photochemical reaction centers may still be undiscovered. Here we summarize the current status of the taxonomy and phylogeny of chlorophototrophic bacteria as revealed by genomic methods. In specific cases, we briefly describe important ecophysiological and metabolic insights that have been gained from the application of genomic methods to these bacteria. In the 20 years since the completion of the Synechocystis sp. PCC 6803 genome in 1996, approximately 1,100 genomes have been sequenced, which represents nearly the complete diversity of known chlorophototrophic bacteria. These data are leading to new insights into many important processes, including photosynthesis, nitrogen and carbon fixation, cellular differentiation and development, symbiosis, and ecosystem functionality.

AB - Because of recent advances in omics methodologies, knowledge of chlorophototrophy (i.e., chlorophyll-based phototrophy) in bacteria has rapidly increased. Chlorophototrophs currently are known to occur in seven bacterial phyla: Cyanobacteria, Proteobacteria, Chlorobi, Chloroflexi, Firmicutes, Acidobacteria, and Gemmatimonadetes. Other organisms that can produce chlorophylls and photochemical reaction centers may still be undiscovered. Here we summarize the current status of the taxonomy and phylogeny of chlorophototrophic bacteria as revealed by genomic methods. In specific cases, we briefly describe important ecophysiological and metabolic insights that have been gained from the application of genomic methods to these bacteria. In the 20 years since the completion of the Synechocystis sp. PCC 6803 genome in 1996, approximately 1,100 genomes have been sequenced, which represents nearly the complete diversity of known chlorophototrophic bacteria. These data are leading to new insights into many important processes, including photosynthesis, nitrogen and carbon fixation, cellular differentiation and development, symbiosis, and ecosystem functionality.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85040730116&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=85040730116&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1146/annurev-arplant-042817-040500

DO - 10.1146/annurev-arplant-042817-040500

M3 - Review article

VL - 69

SP - 21

EP - 49

JO - Annual Review of Plant Biology

JF - Annual Review of Plant Biology

SN - 1543-5008

ER -