DNA polymerases and human diseases

Joann B. Sweasy, Julia M. Lauper, Kristin A. Eckert

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

74 Scopus citations

Abstract

DNA polymerases function in DNA replication, repair, recombination and translesion synthesis. Currently, 15 DNA polymerase genes have been identified in human cells, belonging to four distinct families. In this review, we briefly describe the biochemical activities and known cellular roles of each DNA polymerase. Our major focus is on the phenotypic consequences of mutation or ablation of individual DNA polymerase genes. We discuss phenotypes of current mouse models and altered polymerase functions and the relationship of DNA polymerase gene mutations to human cell phenotypes. Interestingly, over 120 single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) have been identified in human populations that are predicted to result in nonsynonymous amino acid substitutions of DNA polymerases. We discuss the putative functional consequences of these SNPs in relation to human disease.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)693-714
Number of pages22
JournalRadiation research
Volume166
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 2006

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Biophysics
  • Radiation
  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging

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