Do Airports Boost Economic Development by Attracting Talent? An Empirical Investigation at the Subcounty Level

Xinxiang Chen, Guanghua Chi, Guangqing Chi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Objective: The objectives of this study were to examine (1) the linkage from airports to regional talent distribution and (2) the effect of talent on regional economic development. Methods: Using the data collected in Wisconsin at the municipal level, a subcounty level, in a region of the North Central United States from 1970 to 2010 and the American Community Survey 2006–2010 five-year estimates, and random effects models and structural equation models, we employ descriptive and inferential statistics to examine the linkage from airports to talent to regional economic development. Results: We find that the farther a location is away from the airport, the lower its talent share tends to be, while greater passenger flow at the nearest airport increases a location's talent share. Given the quantity of passenger flow, a longer distance from the airport also reduces a location's talent share. The results furthermore suggest that economic development is impacted positively by passenger flow and talent share and negatively by distance to an airport. Conclusion: Our results underscore the intermediate role of talent between airports and regional economic development; building the linkage from airports to talent within the context of regional economic development provides important insights for local policy making aimed at attracting talented migrants.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)313-329
Number of pages17
JournalSocial Science Quarterly
Volume99
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 1 2018

Fingerprint

airport
economics
inferential statistics
descriptive statistics
structural model
migrant
community

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Social Sciences(all)

Cite this

@article{5fb33cbf748d430d9330fc0bc0b875ed,
title = "Do Airports Boost Economic Development by Attracting Talent? An Empirical Investigation at the Subcounty Level",
abstract = "Objective: The objectives of this study were to examine (1) the linkage from airports to regional talent distribution and (2) the effect of talent on regional economic development. Methods: Using the data collected in Wisconsin at the municipal level, a subcounty level, in a region of the North Central United States from 1970 to 2010 and the American Community Survey 2006–2010 five-year estimates, and random effects models and structural equation models, we employ descriptive and inferential statistics to examine the linkage from airports to talent to regional economic development. Results: We find that the farther a location is away from the airport, the lower its talent share tends to be, while greater passenger flow at the nearest airport increases a location's talent share. Given the quantity of passenger flow, a longer distance from the airport also reduces a location's talent share. The results furthermore suggest that economic development is impacted positively by passenger flow and talent share and negatively by distance to an airport. Conclusion: Our results underscore the intermediate role of talent between airports and regional economic development; building the linkage from airports to talent within the context of regional economic development provides important insights for local policy making aimed at attracting talented migrants.",
author = "Xinxiang Chen and Guanghua Chi and Guangqing Chi",
year = "2018",
month = "3",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1111/ssqu.12393",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "99",
pages = "313--329",
journal = "Social Science Quarterly",
issn = "0038-4941",
publisher = "Wiley-Blackwell",
number = "1",

}

Do Airports Boost Economic Development by Attracting Talent? An Empirical Investigation at the Subcounty Level. / Chen, Xinxiang; Chi, Guanghua; Chi, Guangqing.

In: Social Science Quarterly, Vol. 99, No. 1, 01.03.2018, p. 313-329.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

TY - JOUR

T1 - Do Airports Boost Economic Development by Attracting Talent? An Empirical Investigation at the Subcounty Level

AU - Chen, Xinxiang

AU - Chi, Guanghua

AU - Chi, Guangqing

PY - 2018/3/1

Y1 - 2018/3/1

N2 - Objective: The objectives of this study were to examine (1) the linkage from airports to regional talent distribution and (2) the effect of talent on regional economic development. Methods: Using the data collected in Wisconsin at the municipal level, a subcounty level, in a region of the North Central United States from 1970 to 2010 and the American Community Survey 2006–2010 five-year estimates, and random effects models and structural equation models, we employ descriptive and inferential statistics to examine the linkage from airports to talent to regional economic development. Results: We find that the farther a location is away from the airport, the lower its talent share tends to be, while greater passenger flow at the nearest airport increases a location's talent share. Given the quantity of passenger flow, a longer distance from the airport also reduces a location's talent share. The results furthermore suggest that economic development is impacted positively by passenger flow and talent share and negatively by distance to an airport. Conclusion: Our results underscore the intermediate role of talent between airports and regional economic development; building the linkage from airports to talent within the context of regional economic development provides important insights for local policy making aimed at attracting talented migrants.

AB - Objective: The objectives of this study were to examine (1) the linkage from airports to regional talent distribution and (2) the effect of talent on regional economic development. Methods: Using the data collected in Wisconsin at the municipal level, a subcounty level, in a region of the North Central United States from 1970 to 2010 and the American Community Survey 2006–2010 five-year estimates, and random effects models and structural equation models, we employ descriptive and inferential statistics to examine the linkage from airports to talent to regional economic development. Results: We find that the farther a location is away from the airport, the lower its talent share tends to be, while greater passenger flow at the nearest airport increases a location's talent share. Given the quantity of passenger flow, a longer distance from the airport also reduces a location's talent share. The results furthermore suggest that economic development is impacted positively by passenger flow and talent share and negatively by distance to an airport. Conclusion: Our results underscore the intermediate role of talent between airports and regional economic development; building the linkage from airports to talent within the context of regional economic development provides important insights for local policy making aimed at attracting talented migrants.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85014578802&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=85014578802&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1111/ssqu.12393

DO - 10.1111/ssqu.12393

M3 - Article

AN - SCOPUS:85014578802

VL - 99

SP - 313

EP - 329

JO - Social Science Quarterly

JF - Social Science Quarterly

SN - 0038-4941

IS - 1

ER -