Do daily stress processes account for socioeconomic health disparities?

David M. Almeida, Shevaun D. Neupert, Sean R. Banks, Joyce Serido

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

97 Scopus citations

Abstract

Objectives. The present study examined the extent to which daily stressor severity and appraisals of the stressors accounted for socioeconomic disparities in health. Methods. Data from the National Study of Daily Experiences and the Midlife in the United States Survey were combined for the current analyses, resulting in 1,031 respondents who reported on 7,229 days. Results. Respondents without a high school degree experienced more severe stressors and appraised stressors as posing greater risk to their financial situation and to their self-concept than respondents with a high school or college degree. Differences in severity and stressor appraisal accounted for education differences in psychological distress and physical health symptoms. Discussion. Findings suggest the importance of considering variation across stressors, particularly implications for self-concept, in understanding sources of differential stressor vulnerability.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)34-39
Number of pages6
JournalJournals of Gerontology - Series B Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences
Volume60
Issue numberSPEC. ISS. OCT.
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 2005

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Health(social science)
  • Sociology and Political Science
  • Life-span and Life-course Studies

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