Do women's provider-role attitudes moderate the links between work and family?

Heather Helms-Erikson, Jennifer L. Tanner, Ann C. Crouter, Susan M. McHale

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

18 Scopus citations


The authors examined the links between mothers' work qualities and their individual well-being and marital quality, as well as adolescent daughters' and sons' gender-role attitudes, as a function of mothers' provider-role attitudes, in 134 dual-earner families. In home interviews, mothers described their work, provider-role attitudes, family relationships, and mental health; their offspring reported gender-role attitudes. Women's attitudes about breadwinning were coded into main - secondary, coprovider, and ambivalent coprovider groups. Mothers' provider-role attitudes moderated the links between status indicators and mothers' depression, marital conflict, and daughters' gender-role attitudes. For example, depression and marital conflict were negatively related to coprovider mothers' earnings and occupational prestige. The same was not true for main - secondary and ambivalent coprovider mothers. These findings underscore the importance of considering employed women's interpretation of their work roles when exploring work - family links.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)658-670
Number of pages13
JournalJournal of Family Psychology
Issue number4
StatePublished - Dec 2000

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Psychology(all)


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