Objective: To assess the effect of the medical consortium policy on the outcomes of cancer patients admitted to secondary hospitals in Shanxi, China. Method: Electronic medical records of lung cancer (n = 8,193), stomach cancer (n = 5,693) and esophagus cancer (n = 2,802) patients hospitalized in secondary hospitals were used. Propensity score matching was used to match each patient enrolled in medical consortium hospitals with a counterpart admitted in non-medical consortium hospitals. Cox proportional hazard models were used to estimate the hazard ratio of patients enrolled different categories of hospitals. Results: The hazards of lung, stomach and esophageal cancer patients admitted in medical consortium hospitals were consistently and significantly lower than those admitted in non-medical consortium hospitals after adjusting for a number of potential confounders. Lower hazard ratios were associated with lung (hazard ratio (HR) = 0.533, p < 0.001), stomach (HR = 0.494, p < 0.001), and esophagus (HR = 0.505, p < 0.001) cancer patients in medical consortium hospitals. Conclusion: The medical consortium provides an effective strategy to improve the outcomes of cancer patients in Shanxi, China. The partnerships between top-tier hospitals and grassroots medical services bridge the gap in resources and plays a critical role in the quality of care in China.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Health(social science)
- Sociology and Political Science
- Health Policy