Does performance on executive function tasks correlate? Evidence from child trilinguals, bilinguals, and second language learners

Gregory J. Poarch, Adriana Van Hell

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

Recent discussion has questioned how well standard executive function tasks tap executive function processes and the convergent validity across executive function tasks. The present study reanalyses data from a study on executive function in children (Poarch & van Hell, 2012a), building empirically on enhanced performance on executive function tasks (Simon & ANT) of bilingual children compared to monolingual children. Specifically, in the original study, the Simon effect and ANT executive control effect differed across groups with bilinguals and trilinguals showing enhanced conflict resolution over monolinguals and second language learners. This outcome is in line with the view that enhanced executive function in bilingual children stems from their permanent need to monitor, control, and shift between two languages. However, the results from the reanalyses indicate that children's performance on the two executive function tasks did not correlate significantly, which is discussed, amongst other factors, against the backdrop of exogenous and endogenous inhibitory processes that are differentially invoked by the specific nature of the two tasks.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationBilingualism, Executive Function, and Beyond
Subtitle of host publicationQuestions and Insights
EditorsIrina A. Sekerina, Virginia Valian, Lauren Spradlin
PublisherJohn Benjamins Publishing Company
Pages223-236
Number of pages14
ISBN (Electronic)9789027262745
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2019

Publication series

NameStudies in Bilingualism
Volume57
ISSN (Print)0928-1533

Fingerprint

Executive Function
Language
language
performance
evidence
Negotiating
conflict resolution

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Education
  • Developmental and Educational Psychology
  • Linguistics and Language

Cite this

Poarch, G. J., & Van Hell, A. (2019). Does performance on executive function tasks correlate? Evidence from child trilinguals, bilinguals, and second language learners. In I. A. Sekerina, V. Valian, & L. Spradlin (Eds.), Bilingualism, Executive Function, and Beyond: Questions and Insights (pp. 223-236). (Studies in Bilingualism; Vol. 57). John Benjamins Publishing Company. https://doi.org/10.1075/sibil.57.14poa
Poarch, Gregory J. ; Van Hell, Adriana. / Does performance on executive function tasks correlate? Evidence from child trilinguals, bilinguals, and second language learners. Bilingualism, Executive Function, and Beyond: Questions and Insights. editor / Irina A. Sekerina ; Virginia Valian ; Lauren Spradlin. John Benjamins Publishing Company, 2019. pp. 223-236 (Studies in Bilingualism).
@inbook{505956b4b20f42b9a40aa1436990d2aa,
title = "Does performance on executive function tasks correlate? Evidence from child trilinguals, bilinguals, and second language learners",
abstract = "Recent discussion has questioned how well standard executive function tasks tap executive function processes and the convergent validity across executive function tasks. The present study reanalyses data from a study on executive function in children (Poarch & van Hell, 2012a), building empirically on enhanced performance on executive function tasks (Simon & ANT) of bilingual children compared to monolingual children. Specifically, in the original study, the Simon effect and ANT executive control effect differed across groups with bilinguals and trilinguals showing enhanced conflict resolution over monolinguals and second language learners. This outcome is in line with the view that enhanced executive function in bilingual children stems from their permanent need to monitor, control, and shift between two languages. However, the results from the reanalyses indicate that children's performance on the two executive function tasks did not correlate significantly, which is discussed, amongst other factors, against the backdrop of exogenous and endogenous inhibitory processes that are differentially invoked by the specific nature of the two tasks.",
author = "Poarch, {Gregory J.} and {Van Hell}, Adriana",
year = "2019",
month = "1",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1075/sibil.57.14poa",
language = "English (US)",
series = "Studies in Bilingualism",
publisher = "John Benjamins Publishing Company",
pages = "223--236",
editor = "Sekerina, {Irina A.} and Virginia Valian and Lauren Spradlin",
booktitle = "Bilingualism, Executive Function, and Beyond",
address = "Netherlands",

}

Poarch, GJ & Van Hell, A 2019, Does performance on executive function tasks correlate? Evidence from child trilinguals, bilinguals, and second language learners. in IA Sekerina, V Valian & L Spradlin (eds), Bilingualism, Executive Function, and Beyond: Questions and Insights. Studies in Bilingualism, vol. 57, John Benjamins Publishing Company, pp. 223-236. https://doi.org/10.1075/sibil.57.14poa

Does performance on executive function tasks correlate? Evidence from child trilinguals, bilinguals, and second language learners. / Poarch, Gregory J.; Van Hell, Adriana.

Bilingualism, Executive Function, and Beyond: Questions and Insights. ed. / Irina A. Sekerina; Virginia Valian; Lauren Spradlin. John Benjamins Publishing Company, 2019. p. 223-236 (Studies in Bilingualism; Vol. 57).

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

TY - CHAP

T1 - Does performance on executive function tasks correlate? Evidence from child trilinguals, bilinguals, and second language learners

AU - Poarch, Gregory J.

AU - Van Hell, Adriana

PY - 2019/1/1

Y1 - 2019/1/1

N2 - Recent discussion has questioned how well standard executive function tasks tap executive function processes and the convergent validity across executive function tasks. The present study reanalyses data from a study on executive function in children (Poarch & van Hell, 2012a), building empirically on enhanced performance on executive function tasks (Simon & ANT) of bilingual children compared to monolingual children. Specifically, in the original study, the Simon effect and ANT executive control effect differed across groups with bilinguals and trilinguals showing enhanced conflict resolution over monolinguals and second language learners. This outcome is in line with the view that enhanced executive function in bilingual children stems from their permanent need to monitor, control, and shift between two languages. However, the results from the reanalyses indicate that children's performance on the two executive function tasks did not correlate significantly, which is discussed, amongst other factors, against the backdrop of exogenous and endogenous inhibitory processes that are differentially invoked by the specific nature of the two tasks.

AB - Recent discussion has questioned how well standard executive function tasks tap executive function processes and the convergent validity across executive function tasks. The present study reanalyses data from a study on executive function in children (Poarch & van Hell, 2012a), building empirically on enhanced performance on executive function tasks (Simon & ANT) of bilingual children compared to monolingual children. Specifically, in the original study, the Simon effect and ANT executive control effect differed across groups with bilinguals and trilinguals showing enhanced conflict resolution over monolinguals and second language learners. This outcome is in line with the view that enhanced executive function in bilingual children stems from their permanent need to monitor, control, and shift between two languages. However, the results from the reanalyses indicate that children's performance on the two executive function tasks did not correlate significantly, which is discussed, amongst other factors, against the backdrop of exogenous and endogenous inhibitory processes that are differentially invoked by the specific nature of the two tasks.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85067286065&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=85067286065&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1075/sibil.57.14poa

DO - 10.1075/sibil.57.14poa

M3 - Chapter

AN - SCOPUS:85067286065

T3 - Studies in Bilingualism

SP - 223

EP - 236

BT - Bilingualism, Executive Function, and Beyond

A2 - Sekerina, Irina A.

A2 - Valian, Virginia

A2 - Spradlin, Lauren

PB - John Benjamins Publishing Company

ER -

Poarch GJ, Van Hell A. Does performance on executive function tasks correlate? Evidence from child trilinguals, bilinguals, and second language learners. In Sekerina IA, Valian V, Spradlin L, editors, Bilingualism, Executive Function, and Beyond: Questions and Insights. John Benjamins Publishing Company. 2019. p. 223-236. (Studies in Bilingualism). https://doi.org/10.1075/sibil.57.14poa