Does residential density increase walking and other physical activity?

Ann Forsyth, J. Michael Oakes, Kathryn H. Schmitz, Mary Hearst

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

184 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Many agree that increasing physical activity will improve public health. This paper reports on empirical findings on the relationship between the density of the residential environment, walking and total physical activity. Using multiple objective and self-reported measures for 715 participants in the US, and improved techniques for sampling and analysis, it finds that density is associated with the purpose of walking (travel, leisure) but not the amount of overall walking or overall physical activity, although there are sub-group differences by race/ethnicity. Overall, higher densities have many benefits in terms of efficient use of infrastructure, housing affordability, energy efficiency and possibly vibrant street life. But higher densities alone, like other built environment features, do not appear to be the silver bullet in the public health campaign to increase physical activity.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)679-697
Number of pages19
JournalUrban Studies
Volume44
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 1 2007

Fingerprint

residential density
physical activity
walking
public health
residential environment
ethnicity
energy efficiency
campaign
travel
housing
infrastructure
energy
efficiency
sampling
Group

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Environmental Science (miscellaneous)
  • Urban Studies

Cite this

Forsyth, Ann ; Oakes, J. Michael ; Schmitz, Kathryn H. ; Hearst, Mary. / Does residential density increase walking and other physical activity?. In: Urban Studies. 2007 ; Vol. 44, No. 4. pp. 679-697.
@article{4503ce8288ee494ca041aae18b9c51a5,
title = "Does residential density increase walking and other physical activity?",
abstract = "Many agree that increasing physical activity will improve public health. This paper reports on empirical findings on the relationship between the density of the residential environment, walking and total physical activity. Using multiple objective and self-reported measures for 715 participants in the US, and improved techniques for sampling and analysis, it finds that density is associated with the purpose of walking (travel, leisure) but not the amount of overall walking or overall physical activity, although there are sub-group differences by race/ethnicity. Overall, higher densities have many benefits in terms of efficient use of infrastructure, housing affordability, energy efficiency and possibly vibrant street life. But higher densities alone, like other built environment features, do not appear to be the silver bullet in the public health campaign to increase physical activity.",
author = "Ann Forsyth and Oakes, {J. Michael} and Schmitz, {Kathryn H.} and Mary Hearst",
year = "2007",
month = "4",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1080/00420980601184729",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "44",
pages = "679--697",
journal = "Urban Studies",
issn = "0042-0980",
publisher = "SAGE Publications Ltd",
number = "4",

}

Does residential density increase walking and other physical activity? / Forsyth, Ann; Oakes, J. Michael; Schmitz, Kathryn H.; Hearst, Mary.

In: Urban Studies, Vol. 44, No. 4, 01.04.2007, p. 679-697.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

TY - JOUR

T1 - Does residential density increase walking and other physical activity?

AU - Forsyth, Ann

AU - Oakes, J. Michael

AU - Schmitz, Kathryn H.

AU - Hearst, Mary

PY - 2007/4/1

Y1 - 2007/4/1

N2 - Many agree that increasing physical activity will improve public health. This paper reports on empirical findings on the relationship between the density of the residential environment, walking and total physical activity. Using multiple objective and self-reported measures for 715 participants in the US, and improved techniques for sampling and analysis, it finds that density is associated with the purpose of walking (travel, leisure) but not the amount of overall walking or overall physical activity, although there are sub-group differences by race/ethnicity. Overall, higher densities have many benefits in terms of efficient use of infrastructure, housing affordability, energy efficiency and possibly vibrant street life. But higher densities alone, like other built environment features, do not appear to be the silver bullet in the public health campaign to increase physical activity.

AB - Many agree that increasing physical activity will improve public health. This paper reports on empirical findings on the relationship between the density of the residential environment, walking and total physical activity. Using multiple objective and self-reported measures for 715 participants in the US, and improved techniques for sampling and analysis, it finds that density is associated with the purpose of walking (travel, leisure) but not the amount of overall walking or overall physical activity, although there are sub-group differences by race/ethnicity. Overall, higher densities have many benefits in terms of efficient use of infrastructure, housing affordability, energy efficiency and possibly vibrant street life. But higher densities alone, like other built environment features, do not appear to be the silver bullet in the public health campaign to increase physical activity.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=34247212181&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=34247212181&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1080/00420980601184729

DO - 10.1080/00420980601184729

M3 - Article

AN - SCOPUS:34247212181

VL - 44

SP - 679

EP - 697

JO - Urban Studies

JF - Urban Studies

SN - 0042-0980

IS - 4

ER -