Dominant vector changes during early wavebreak/spiral wave (Wiggers stage 1) in ventricular fibrillation: insights from the analysis of 100 electrophysiology studies

Mariam Meddeb, Kashif Chaudhry, Saroj Timilsina, Jagat Mahat, Ramarao Vunnam, Aashish Acharya, Alejandro Jimenez Restrepo, Vincent See, Stephen Shorofsky, Timm Dickfeld

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Purpose: To describe electrocardiographic vector patterns during early VF transition (Wiggers stage 1). Methods: In 100 electrophysiology studies with VF induction, the first 3 beats of VF were analyzed in lead I for left/right axis (LA/RA), V1 for left/right bundle (LB/RB), and aVF for superior/inferior axis (SA/IA). Correlation with demographic/clinical factors was performed using regression analyses and mixed effect modeling. Results: VF initiated more likely with LA than RA (P < 0.001) and LB than RB (P = 0.04) suggesting original wavebreak in the right ventricle. The 3-dimensional morphology changed in 69% of VF during the first 3 beats, with predominant increase in RB, suggesting a transition of QRS-originating vector to septum/left ventricle. Conservation of morphology (31%) was favored by initial RB (P = 0.002) and LA morphology (P = 0.01). Initiation of VF with LA vs RA was more likely in African-Americans (P = 0.016) and increasing age (P = 0.032). Ischemic cardiomyopathy favored VF initiation with RB 6.7-fold (P = 0.025), possibly linking LV myocardial scar to initial VF wavebreak location. Male gender and ischemic cardiomyopathy prolonged time-to-loss of predominant vector by 119% (P = 0.002) and 71% (P = 0.017), respectively, suggesting more preserved anatomic/functional reentry. Conclusion: The predominant QRS vectors during early Wiggers stage 1 VF are not random and suggest an initial wavebreak more commonly in the right ventricle, followed by a transitional shift to the septum/left ventricle. Ethnicity, male gender, age, and co-morbidities result in directional preservation of initiating VF vectors possibly due to myocardial mass/fibrosis. Findings may allow new treatment/ablation approaches.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalJournal of Interventional Cardiac Electrophysiology
DOIs
StateAccepted/In press - 2021

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine
  • Physiology (medical)

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