Purpose: To describe electrocardiographic vector patterns during early VF transition (Wiggers stage 1). Methods: In 100 electrophysiology studies with VF induction, the first 3 beats of VF were analyzed in lead I for left/right axis (LA/RA), V1 for left/right bundle (LB/RB), and aVF for superior/inferior axis (SA/IA). Correlation with demographic/clinical factors was performed using regression analyses and mixed effect modeling. Results: VF initiated more likely with LA than RA (P < 0.001) and LB than RB (P = 0.04) suggesting original wavebreak in the right ventricle. The 3-dimensional morphology changed in 69% of VF during the first 3 beats, with predominant increase in RB, suggesting a transition of QRS-originating vector to septum/left ventricle. Conservation of morphology (31%) was favored by initial RB (P = 0.002) and LA morphology (P = 0.01). Initiation of VF with LA vs RA was more likely in African-Americans (P = 0.016) and increasing age (P = 0.032). Ischemic cardiomyopathy favored VF initiation with RB 6.7-fold (P = 0.025), possibly linking LV myocardial scar to initial VF wavebreak location. Male gender and ischemic cardiomyopathy prolonged time-to-loss of predominant vector by 119% (P = 0.002) and 71% (P = 0.017), respectively, suggesting more preserved anatomic/functional reentry. Conclusion: The predominant QRS vectors during early Wiggers stage 1 VF are not random and suggest an initial wavebreak more commonly in the right ventricle, followed by a transitional shift to the septum/left ventricle. Ethnicity, male gender, age, and co-morbidities result in directional preservation of initiating VF vectors possibly due to myocardial mass/fibrosis. Findings may allow new treatment/ablation approaches.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Journal||Journal of Interventional Cardiac Electrophysiology|
|State||Accepted/In press - 2021|
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine
- Physiology (medical)