Doped carbon nanotubes: Synthesis, characterization and applications

Mauricio Terrones Maldonado, Antonio G. Souza Filho, Apparao M. Rao

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

85 Scopus citations

Abstract

Various applications of carbon nanotubes require their chemical modification in order to tune/control their physicochemical properties. One way for achieving this control is by carrying out doping processes through which atoms and molecules interact (covalently or noncovalently) with the nanotube surfaces. The aim of this chapter is to emphasize the importance of different types of doping in carbon nanotubes (single-, double- and multiwall). There are three main categories of doping: exohedral, endohedral and inplane doping. We will review the most efficient ways to dope carbon nanotubes and discuss the effects on the electronic, vibrational, chemical, magnetic and mechanical properties. In addition, we will discuss the different ways of characterizing these doped nanotubes using spectroscopic techniques, such as resonant Raman, X-ray photoelectron, electron energy loss spectroscopy and others. It will be demonstrated that doped carbon nanotubes could be used in the fabrication of nanodevices (e.g., sensors, protein immobilizers, field emission sources, efficient composite fillers, etc.). We will also present results related to the importance of inplane-doped nanotubes for attaching various metal clusters and polymers covalently using wet chemical routes.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationCarbon Nanotubes
Subtitle of host publicationAdvanced Topics in the Synthesis, Structure, Properties and Applications
EditorsAdo Jorio, Ado Jorio, Gene Dresselhaus, Mildred S. Dresselhaus
Pages531-566
Number of pages36
StatePublished - Dec 1 2008

Publication series

NameTopics in Applied Physics
Volume111
ISSN (Print)0303-4216
ISSN (Electronic)1437-0859

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All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Physics and Astronomy (miscellaneous)

Cite this

Terrones Maldonado, M., Souza Filho, A. G., & Rao, A. M. (2008). Doped carbon nanotubes: Synthesis, characterization and applications. In A. Jorio, A. Jorio, G. Dresselhaus, & M. S. Dresselhaus (Eds.), Carbon Nanotubes: Advanced Topics in the Synthesis, Structure, Properties and Applications (pp. 531-566). (Topics in Applied Physics; Vol. 111).