Double Injection Synthesis and Dispersion of Submicrometer Barium Titanyl Oxalate Tetrahydrate

R. Allen Kimel, Vladimir Ganine, James H. Adair

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

2 Scopus citations


A modified Clabaugh method has been used to produce a well-dispersed barium titanyl oxalate tetrahydrate (BTO) powder with a particle size of less than 0.2 μm. Production of the BTO powder is based on a double injection system, with reactants rapidly mixed using pressurized gas. The mixture resulting from the double injection of the reactants was subsequently quenched into a solution containing polyethyleneimine as a dispersant. The resulting dispersed BTO powder forms a suspension that is stable against coarsening or aggregation for greater than 1400 h. The dispersed BTO powder was also shown to produce BaTiO3 with a particle size of 0.25 μm or less after calcination.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1172-1174
Number of pages3
JournalJournal of the American Ceramic Society
Issue number5
StatePublished - May 2001


All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Ceramics and Composites
  • Materials Chemistry

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