The problem of eliminating fast-relaxing variables to obtain an effective diffusion process in position is solved in a uniform and straightforward way for models with velocity a function jointly of position and fast variables. A more unified view is thereby obtained of the effect of environmental inhomogeneity on the motion of a diffusing particle, in particular, whether a drift is induced, covering both passive and active particles. Infinitesimal generators (equivalently, drift-diffusion fields) for the contracted processes are worked out in detail for several models.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Statistical and Nonlinear Physics
- Statistics and Probability
- Condensed Matter Physics