Drilling wear detection and classification using vibration signals and artificial neural network

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Abstract

In automated flexible manufacturing systems the detection of tool wear during the cutting process is one of the most important considerations. This study presents a comparison between several architectures of the multi-layer feed-forward neural network with a back propagation training algorithm for tool condition monitoring (TCM) of twist drill wear. The algorithm utilizes vibration signature analysis as the main and only source of information from the machining process. The objective of the proposed study is to produce a TCM system that will lead to a more efficient and economical drilling tool usage. Five different drill wear conditions were artificially introduced to the neural network for prediction and classification. The experimental procedure for acquiring vibration data and extracting features in both the time and frequency domains to train and test the neural network models is detailed. It was found that the frequency domain features, such as the averaged harmonic wavelet coefficients and the maximum entropy spectrum peaks, are more efficient in training the neural network than the time domain statistical moments. The results demonstrate the effectiveness and robustness of using the vibration signals in a supervised neural network for drill wear detection and classification.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)707-720
Number of pages14
JournalInternational Journal of Machine Tools and Manufacture
Volume43
Issue number7
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - May 1 2003

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All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering

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