Droplets splashing upon films of the same fluid of various depths

Randy Lee Vander Wal, Gordon M. Berger, Steven D. Mozes

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

123 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

We explore the effects of fluid films of variable depths on droplets impacting into them. Corresponding to a range of fluid "film" depths, a non-dimensional parameter-H*, defined as the ratio of the film thickness to the droplet diameter-is varied in the range 0.1 ≤ H* ≤ 10. In general, the effect of the fluid film imposes a dramatic difference on the dynamics of the droplet-surface interaction when compared to a similar impact on a dry surface. This is illustrated by the size distribution and number of the splash products. While thin fluid films (H*≈0.1) promote splashing, thicker films (1 ≤ H* ≤ 10) act to inhibit it. The relative roles of surface tension and viscosity are investigated by comparison of a matrix of fluids with low and high values of these properties. Impingement conditions, as characterized by Reynolds and Weber numbers, are varied by velocity over a range from 1.34 to 4.22 m/s, maintaining a constant droplet diameter of 2.0 mm. The dependence of splashing dynamics, characterized by splash product size and number, on the fluid surface tension and viscosity and film thickness are discussed.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)33-52
Number of pages20
JournalExperiments in Fluids
Volume40
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2006

Fingerprint

splashing
fluid films
Fluids
fluids
interfacial tension
film thickness
viscosity
Surface tension
Film thickness
impingement
Viscosity
surface reactions
thick films
Thick films
Byproducts
products
matrices

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Computational Mechanics
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Physics and Astronomy(all)
  • Fluid Flow and Transfer Processes

Cite this

Vander Wal, Randy Lee ; Berger, Gordon M. ; Mozes, Steven D. / Droplets splashing upon films of the same fluid of various depths. In: Experiments in Fluids. 2006 ; Vol. 40, No. 1. pp. 33-52.
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Droplets splashing upon films of the same fluid of various depths. / Vander Wal, Randy Lee; Berger, Gordon M.; Mozes, Steven D.

In: Experiments in Fluids, Vol. 40, No. 1, 01.01.2006, p. 33-52.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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