Drug users' self-reports of behaviors and affective states under the influence of alcohol

Diana H. Fishbein, Jerome H. Jaffe, Frederick R. Snyder, Charles A. Haertzen, John E. Hickey

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

18 Scopus citations

Abstract

This study tested a modified version of the Alcohol-Related Behavior Questionnaire (ARBQ) to investigate the influence of alcohol on negative mood states. The ARBQ asked subjects (substance users and those not misusing drugs or alcohol) to recall various moods and behaviors under three drug conditions: sober, drinking, and drunk. Tests of the ARBQ subscales provided support for its reliability and validity. Scale scores measuring negative affect increased as levels of recalled alcohol intake increased, suggesting that larger amounts of alcohol produced more negative and aggressive feelings. Alcohol-dependent subjects reported more anger and aggression with increasing levels of alcohol intake than nonproblem drinkers. These data further indicated that, among those with alcohol dependence, a history of childhood aggression is an important predictor of negative behaviors and feelings associated with alcohol intake. Among other groups of drug users, a diagnosis of antisocial personality was relatively more important.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1565-1585
Number of pages21
JournalSubstance Use and Misuse
Volume28
Issue number14
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 1993

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Medicine (miscellaneous)
  • Health(social science)
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
  • Psychiatry and Mental health

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