Background. The duration of colonization and factors associated with clearance of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) after community-onset MRSA skin and soft-tissue infection (SSTI) remain unclear. Methods. We conducted a prospective cohort study of patients with acute MRSA SSTI presenting to 5 adult and pediatric academic hospitals from 1 January 2010 through 31 December 2012. Index patients and household members performed self-sampling for MRSA colonization every 2 weeks for 6 months. Clearance of colonization was defined as negative MRSA surveillance cultures during 2 consecutive sampling periods. A Cox proportional hazards regression model was developed to identify determinants of clearance of colonization. Results. Two hundred forty-three index patients were included. The median duration of MRSA colonization after SSTI diagnosis was 21 days (95% confidence interval [CI], 19-24), and 19.8% never cleared colonization. Treatment of the SSTI with clindamycin was associated with earlier clearance (hazard ratio [HR], 1.72; 95% CI, 1.28-2.30; P <. 001). Older age (HR, 0.99; 95% CI,. 98-1.00; P =. 01) was associated with longer duration of colonization. There was a borderline significant association between increased number of household members colonized with MRSA and later clearance of colonization in the index patient (HR, 0.85; 95% CI,. 71-1.01; P =. 06). Conclusions. With a systematic, regular sampling protocol, duration of MRSA colonization was noted to be shorter than previously reported, although 19.8% of patients remained colonized at 6 months. The association between clindamycin and shorter duration of colonization after MRSA SSTI suggests a possible role for the antibiotic selected for treatment of MRSA infection.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Microbiology (medical)
- Infectious Diseases