Dust production and particle acceleration in supernova 1987a revealed with Alma

R. Indebetouw, M. Matsuura, E. Dwek, G. Zanardo, M. J. Barlow, M. Baes, P. Bouchet, David Nelson Burrows, R. Chevalier, G. C. Clayton, C. Fransson, B. Gaensler, R. Kirshner, M. Lakićević, K. S. Long, P. Lundqvist, I. Martí-Vidal, J. Marcaide, R. McCray, M. MeixnerC. Y. Ng, S. Park, G. Sonneborn, L. Staveley-Smith, C. Vlahakis, J. Van Loon

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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Abstract

Supernova (SN) explosions are crucial engines driving the evolution of galaxies by shock heating gas, increasing the metallicity, creating dust, and accelerating energetic particles. In 2012 we used the Atacama Large Millimeter/Submillimeter Array to observe SN 1987A, one of the best-observed supernovae since the invention of the telescope. We present spatially resolved images at 450 μm, 870 μm, 1.4 mm, and 2.8 mm, an important transition wavelength range. Longer wavelength emission is dominated by synchrotron radiation from shock-accelerated particles, shorter wavelengths by emission from the largest mass of dust measured in a supernova remnant (>0.2 M Ȯ). For the first time we show unambiguously that this dust has formed in the inner ejecta (the cold remnants of the exploded star's core). The dust emission is concentrated at the center of the remnant, so the dust has not yet been affected by the shocks. If a significant fraction survives, and if SN 1987A is typical, supernovae are important cosmological dust producers.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article numberL2
JournalAstrophysical Journal Letters
Volume782
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 10 2014

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supernova 1987A
particle acceleration
dust
supernovae
wavelength
shock
wavelengths
shock heating
inventions
supernova remnants
ejecta
energetic particles
metallicity
engines
explosions
particle
explosion
engine
synchrotron radiation
energetics

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Astronomy and Astrophysics
  • Space and Planetary Science

Cite this

Indebetouw, R., Matsuura, M., Dwek, E., Zanardo, G., Barlow, M. J., Baes, M., ... Van Loon, J. (2014). Dust production and particle acceleration in supernova 1987a revealed with Alma. Astrophysical Journal Letters, 782(1), [L2]. https://doi.org/10.1088/2041-8205/782/1/L2
Indebetouw, R. ; Matsuura, M. ; Dwek, E. ; Zanardo, G. ; Barlow, M. J. ; Baes, M. ; Bouchet, P. ; Burrows, David Nelson ; Chevalier, R. ; Clayton, G. C. ; Fransson, C. ; Gaensler, B. ; Kirshner, R. ; Lakićević, M. ; Long, K. S. ; Lundqvist, P. ; Martí-Vidal, I. ; Marcaide, J. ; McCray, R. ; Meixner, M. ; Ng, C. Y. ; Park, S. ; Sonneborn, G. ; Staveley-Smith, L. ; Vlahakis, C. ; Van Loon, J. / Dust production and particle acceleration in supernova 1987a revealed with Alma. In: Astrophysical Journal Letters. 2014 ; Vol. 782, No. 1.
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Indebetouw, R, Matsuura, M, Dwek, E, Zanardo, G, Barlow, MJ, Baes, M, Bouchet, P, Burrows, DN, Chevalier, R, Clayton, GC, Fransson, C, Gaensler, B, Kirshner, R, Lakićević, M, Long, KS, Lundqvist, P, Martí-Vidal, I, Marcaide, J, McCray, R, Meixner, M, Ng, CY, Park, S, Sonneborn, G, Staveley-Smith, L, Vlahakis, C & Van Loon, J 2014, 'Dust production and particle acceleration in supernova 1987a revealed with Alma', Astrophysical Journal Letters, vol. 782, no. 1, L2. https://doi.org/10.1088/2041-8205/782/1/L2

Dust production and particle acceleration in supernova 1987a revealed with Alma. / Indebetouw, R.; Matsuura, M.; Dwek, E.; Zanardo, G.; Barlow, M. J.; Baes, M.; Bouchet, P.; Burrows, David Nelson; Chevalier, R.; Clayton, G. C.; Fransson, C.; Gaensler, B.; Kirshner, R.; Lakićević, M.; Long, K. S.; Lundqvist, P.; Martí-Vidal, I.; Marcaide, J.; McCray, R.; Meixner, M.; Ng, C. Y.; Park, S.; Sonneborn, G.; Staveley-Smith, L.; Vlahakis, C.; Van Loon, J.

In: Astrophysical Journal Letters, Vol. 782, No. 1, L2, 10.02.2014.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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AU - Matsuura, M.

AU - Dwek, E.

AU - Zanardo, G.

AU - Barlow, M. J.

AU - Baes, M.

AU - Bouchet, P.

AU - Burrows, David Nelson

AU - Chevalier, R.

AU - Clayton, G. C.

AU - Fransson, C.

AU - Gaensler, B.

AU - Kirshner, R.

AU - Lakićević, M.

AU - Long, K. S.

AU - Lundqvist, P.

AU - Martí-Vidal, I.

AU - Marcaide, J.

AU - McCray, R.

AU - Meixner, M.

AU - Ng, C. Y.

AU - Park, S.

AU - Sonneborn, G.

AU - Staveley-Smith, L.

AU - Vlahakis, C.

AU - Van Loon, J.

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