Porous hollow tin oxide (SnO2) nanofibers and their composite with titanium dioxide (TiTiO2) particles (Degussa P25) were investigated as a photoanode for dye-sensitized solar cells. Incorporation of TiTiO2 particles in porous hollow SnO2 fibers enhanced the power conversion efficiency (η) from 4.06% to 5.72% under 100-mW/cm2 light intensity. The enhancement of efficiency was mainly attributed to increase in current density ( Jsc) and improvement in fill factor (FF). Increase in Jsc was caused by higher dye loading as indicated by UV-Vis absorption spectra and the improvement in FF was attributed to faster charge transport time as obtained from transient analysis. The microstructure of SnO2 fibers was studied using transmission electron microscope, scanning electron microscope, and X-ray diffraction. The electron transfer and recombination life times were studied using transient analysis, whereas interfacial charge transfer was studied using electrochemical impedance spectroscopy.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
- Electrical and Electronic Engineering