Dynamic Coordination of Cytoskeletal and Cell Wall Systems during Plant Cell Morphogenesis

Daniel B. Szymanski, Daniel J. Cosgrove

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

126 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Underlying the architectural complexity of plants are diverse cell types that, under the microscope, easily reveal relationships between cell structure and specialized functions. Much less obvious are the mechanisms by which the cellular growth machinery and mechanical properties of the cell interact to dictate cell shape. The recent combined use of mutants, genomic analyses, sophisticated spectroscopies, and live cell imaging is providing new insight into how cytoskeletal systems and cell wall biosynthetic activities are integrated during morphogenesis. The purpose of this review is to discuss the unique geometric properties and physical processes that regulate plant cell expansion, then to overlay on this mechanical system some of the recent discoveries about the protein machines and cellular polymers that regulate cell shape. In the end, we hope to make clear that there are many interesting opportunities to develop testable mathematical models that improve our understanding of how subcellular structures, protein motors, and extracellular polymers can exert effects at spatial scales that span cells, tissues, and organs.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalCurrent Biology
Volume19
Issue number17
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 15 2009

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Plant Development
Plant Cells
Cell Wall
morphogenesis
Polymers
Cells
cell walls
Cell Shape
Machinery
Proteins
Microscopes
Spectroscopy
cells
Physical Phenomena
Tissue
Mathematical models
Imaging techniques
Mechanical properties
Morphogenesis
polymers

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)
  • Agricultural and Biological Sciences(all)

Cite this

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abstract = "Underlying the architectural complexity of plants are diverse cell types that, under the microscope, easily reveal relationships between cell structure and specialized functions. Much less obvious are the mechanisms by which the cellular growth machinery and mechanical properties of the cell interact to dictate cell shape. The recent combined use of mutants, genomic analyses, sophisticated spectroscopies, and live cell imaging is providing new insight into how cytoskeletal systems and cell wall biosynthetic activities are integrated during morphogenesis. The purpose of this review is to discuss the unique geometric properties and physical processes that regulate plant cell expansion, then to overlay on this mechanical system some of the recent discoveries about the protein machines and cellular polymers that regulate cell shape. In the end, we hope to make clear that there are many interesting opportunities to develop testable mathematical models that improve our understanding of how subcellular structures, protein motors, and extracellular polymers can exert effects at spatial scales that span cells, tissues, and organs.",
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Dynamic Coordination of Cytoskeletal and Cell Wall Systems during Plant Cell Morphogenesis. / Szymanski, Daniel B.; Cosgrove, Daniel J.

In: Current Biology, Vol. 19, No. 17, 15.09.2009.

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

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