Dynamics and Uncertainty in Land Use Conversion for Perennial Energy Crop Production: Exploring Effects of Payments for Ecosystem Services Policies

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle


Perennial energy crops like switchgrass that are used for biofuel production have the potential to generate various water quality benefits such as reduced nitrogen runoff. Yet the current expected returns to switchgrass are not profitable enough for these crops to be widely adopted by U.S. farmers due to relatively unstable yields, volatile revenues, and high costs of crop establishment. This study uses a dynamic economic model to investigate the uncertainties in the yields and costs of switchgrass production, in comparison with those of corn-soybeans in the Chesapeake Bay Watershed in Pennsylvania. Results indicate that farmers would be willing to convert corn-soybeans to switchgrass land use with the provision of payments for ecosystem services (PES). A targeted PES policy based on the environmental effectiveness of the crop land is found to be slightly more effective in providing nitrogen reductions than a uniform PES policy with cost savings of 8-19%. Moreover, switchgrass has the potential of providing energy supply while reducing greenhouse gases emissions.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)328-358
Number of pages31
JournalAgricultural and Resource Economics Review
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - Aug 1 2019


All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Agronomy and Crop Science
  • Economics and Econometrics

Cite this