Recent experiments demonstrated emerging alternating insulator and metal phases in Mott insulators actuated by a direct bias voltage, leading to oscillating voltage outputs with characteristic frequencies. Here, we develop a physics-based nonequilibrium model to describe the dynamics of oscillating insulator-metal phase transitions and experimentally validate it using a VO2 device as a prototype. The oscillation frequency is shown to scale monotonically with the bias voltage and series resistance and terminate abruptly at lower and upper device-dependent limits, which are dictated by the nonequilibrium carrier dynamics. We derive an approximate analytical expression for the dependence of the frequency on the device operating parameters, which yields a fundamental limit to the frequency and may be utilized to provide guidance to potential applications of insulator-metal transition materials as building blocks of brain-inspired non-von Neumann computers.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
- Condensed Matter Physics