Dysfibrinogenemia and lupus anticoagulant in a patient with recurrent thrombosis

Hamid Al-Mondhiry, Dennis Galanakis

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8 Scopus citations

Abstract

We describe the coagulopathy of a 65-year-old woman with a thrombotic disorder associated with dysfibrinogenemia and lupus anticoagulant (LA). The patient's prothrombin time (PT), partial thromboplastin time (PTT), thrombin time (TT), and batroxobin time were prolonged and could not be corrected by mixing with equal volumes of normal plasma. Fibrinogen quantitation showed approximately twice as much immunoreactive as thrombin-clottable protein. The batroxobin and thrombin clotting times of the patient's isolated fibrinogen were prolonged and could not be corrected by mixture with normal fibrinogen. Turbidimetrically assessed fibrin monomer aggregation in response to thrombin, ancrod, or batroxobin and fibrin monomer reaggregation experiments disclosed clearly delayed onset and a lower maximum opacity. In other turbidimetric and clotting-time experiments, the patient's fibrinogen displayed a dosedependent inhibition of the reaggregation of normal fibrin. Fibrinopeptide A and B release rates and sialic acid content were normal. Assessed by sodium dodecyl sulfate-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis (SIDS-PAGE) of reduced samples, the subunit structure of the patient's fibrinogen and its fully cross-linked fibrin was normal. The presence of LA was established by two techniques, the blood thromboplastin inhibition test and the platelet neutralization procedure (PNP). A positive PNP could not be produced by mixing afibrinogenemic plasma with the patient's purified fibrinogen. The patient's inactivated serum and her isolated IgG prolonged the PT and PTT of normal plasma but showed no inhibitory effect on the clotting of purified normal fibrinogen. The simultaneous occurrence of dysfibrinogenemia and LA in this patient appears to be a coincidence. The relative contribution of the abnormal fibrinogen and the LA to the thrombotic tendency of this patient remains uncertain.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)726-733
Number of pages8
JournalThe Journal of Laboratory and Clinical Medicine
Volume110
Issue number6
StatePublished - Dec 1987

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Pathology and Forensic Medicine

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