Dysphoria and social interaction: An integration of behavioral confirmation and interpersonal perspectives

Lauren B. Alloy, Sharon Siegel Fedderly, Catherine L. Cohan, Eileen Kennedy-Moore

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

13 Scopus citations

Abstract

To investigate the process by which dysphoric persons are rejected by others, the authors integrated behavioral confirmation and interpersonal theories of depression. The expectations of nondysphoric perceiver participants (college students) were manipulated, such that half expected to interact with a same-sex dysphoric target and half expected to interact with a same-sex nondysphoric target. The targets' actual mood status was consistent or inconsistent with these expectations. Pre- and postinteraction impressions, as well as postinteraction acceptance of partners, were solicited from perceivers and targets (N = 240). Audiotaped verbal behaviors were coded during the 1st and last 3 min of the interactions. Acceptance of targets and verbal behaviors were an interactive function of perceivers' expectancies and targets' mood status, such that dysphoric targets who were expected to be nondysphoric were the least accepted group and had the most dysfunctional interactions.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1566-1579
Number of pages14
JournalJournal of Personality and Social Psychology
Volume74
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 1998

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Social Psychology
  • Sociology and Political Science

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