To investigate the process by which dysphoric persons are rejected by others, the authors integrated behavioral confirmation and interpersonal theories of depression. The expectations of nondysphoric perceiver participants (college students) were manipulated, such that half expected to interact with a same-sex dysphoric target and half expected to interact with a same-sex nondysphoric target. The targets' actual mood status was consistent or inconsistent with these expectations. Pre- and postinteraction impressions, as well as postinteraction acceptance of partners, were solicited from perceivers and targets (N = 240). Audiotaped verbal behaviors were coded during the 1st and last 3 min of the interactions. Acceptance of targets and verbal behaviors were an interactive function of perceivers' expectancies and targets' mood status, such that dysphoric targets who were expected to be nondysphoric were the least accepted group and had the most dysfunctional interactions.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Social Psychology
- Sociology and Political Science