E-field dependence of piezoelectric properties of rhombohedral PZN-PT single crystal

S. F. Liu, S. E. Park, H. Lei, L. E. Cross, Thomas R. Shrout

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

24 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The E-field dependence of piezoelectric properties of rhombohedral single crystal PZN-4.5%PT were investigated as a function of crystallographic orientation. For 〈111〉 oriented crystals, crystal partial depoling and subsequent domain reorientation results in a peak in dij vs. E-field curves at ∼ 5kV/cm, followed by nonhysteretic dij saturation. This behavior indicates that crystal became single domain at E>30kV/cm. Low field values for dij's of single domain crystals were calculated by extrapolating these high field values. Hydrostatic piezoelectric coefficient dh ∼ 55pC/N, calculated for the single domain crystal, also could be measured in the hydrostatic chamber. In contrast to 〈111〉 poled crystals, stable domain configurations of 〈001〉 oriented crystals were the origin of consistent dij values regardless of the measurement technique. Piezoelectric coefficients, d33 ∼ 2280pC/N and d31 as high as -1000 pC/N were reproducibly measured. Although dh=d33+2d31 is relevant to the related symmetry, calculated dh - 300pC/N could not be obtained from the response under hydrostatic pressure ( dh ∼ 50pC/N ). This discrepancy is discussed in relation to the domain state and crystal symmetry.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)169-174
Number of pages6
JournalFerroelectrics
Volume221
Issue number1-4
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 1999

Fingerprint

Single crystals
Crystals
single crystals
crystals
hydrostatics
Crystal symmetry
Hydrostatic pressure
Crystal orientation
symmetry
coefficients
hydrostatic pressure
retraining
chambers
saturation
curves
configurations

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Condensed Matter Physics

Cite this

Liu, S. F., Park, S. E., Lei, H., Cross, L. E., & Shrout, T. R. (1999). E-field dependence of piezoelectric properties of rhombohedral PZN-PT single crystal. Ferroelectrics, 221(1-4), 169-174. https://doi.org/10.1080/00150199908016451
Liu, S. F. ; Park, S. E. ; Lei, H. ; Cross, L. E. ; Shrout, Thomas R. / E-field dependence of piezoelectric properties of rhombohedral PZN-PT single crystal. In: Ferroelectrics. 1999 ; Vol. 221, No. 1-4. pp. 169-174.
@article{68a7d6ec9e984396ab80deef0018cfc0,
title = "E-field dependence of piezoelectric properties of rhombohedral PZN-PT single crystal",
abstract = "The E-field dependence of piezoelectric properties of rhombohedral single crystal PZN-4.5{\%}PT were investigated as a function of crystallographic orientation. For 〈111〉 oriented crystals, crystal partial depoling and subsequent domain reorientation results in a peak in dij vs. E-field curves at ∼ 5kV/cm, followed by nonhysteretic dij saturation. This behavior indicates that crystal became single domain at E>30kV/cm. Low field values for dij's of single domain crystals were calculated by extrapolating these high field values. Hydrostatic piezoelectric coefficient dh ∼ 55pC/N, calculated for the single domain crystal, also could be measured in the hydrostatic chamber. In contrast to 〈111〉 poled crystals, stable domain configurations of 〈001〉 oriented crystals were the origin of consistent dij values regardless of the measurement technique. Piezoelectric coefficients, d33 ∼ 2280pC/N and d31 as high as -1000 pC/N were reproducibly measured. Although dh=d33+2d31 is relevant to the related symmetry, calculated dh - 300pC/N could not be obtained from the response under hydrostatic pressure ( dh ∼ 50pC/N ). This discrepancy is discussed in relation to the domain state and crystal symmetry.",
author = "Liu, {S. F.} and Park, {S. E.} and H. Lei and Cross, {L. E.} and Shrout, {Thomas R.}",
year = "1999",
month = "1",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1080/00150199908016451",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "221",
pages = "169--174",
journal = "Ferroelectrics",
issn = "0015-0193",
publisher = "Taylor and Francis Ltd.",
number = "1-4",

}

Liu, SF, Park, SE, Lei, H, Cross, LE & Shrout, TR 1999, 'E-field dependence of piezoelectric properties of rhombohedral PZN-PT single crystal', Ferroelectrics, vol. 221, no. 1-4, pp. 169-174. https://doi.org/10.1080/00150199908016451

E-field dependence of piezoelectric properties of rhombohedral PZN-PT single crystal. / Liu, S. F.; Park, S. E.; Lei, H.; Cross, L. E.; Shrout, Thomas R.

In: Ferroelectrics, Vol. 221, No. 1-4, 01.01.1999, p. 169-174.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

TY - JOUR

T1 - E-field dependence of piezoelectric properties of rhombohedral PZN-PT single crystal

AU - Liu, S. F.

AU - Park, S. E.

AU - Lei, H.

AU - Cross, L. E.

AU - Shrout, Thomas R.

PY - 1999/1/1

Y1 - 1999/1/1

N2 - The E-field dependence of piezoelectric properties of rhombohedral single crystal PZN-4.5%PT were investigated as a function of crystallographic orientation. For 〈111〉 oriented crystals, crystal partial depoling and subsequent domain reorientation results in a peak in dij vs. E-field curves at ∼ 5kV/cm, followed by nonhysteretic dij saturation. This behavior indicates that crystal became single domain at E>30kV/cm. Low field values for dij's of single domain crystals were calculated by extrapolating these high field values. Hydrostatic piezoelectric coefficient dh ∼ 55pC/N, calculated for the single domain crystal, also could be measured in the hydrostatic chamber. In contrast to 〈111〉 poled crystals, stable domain configurations of 〈001〉 oriented crystals were the origin of consistent dij values regardless of the measurement technique. Piezoelectric coefficients, d33 ∼ 2280pC/N and d31 as high as -1000 pC/N were reproducibly measured. Although dh=d33+2d31 is relevant to the related symmetry, calculated dh - 300pC/N could not be obtained from the response under hydrostatic pressure ( dh ∼ 50pC/N ). This discrepancy is discussed in relation to the domain state and crystal symmetry.

AB - The E-field dependence of piezoelectric properties of rhombohedral single crystal PZN-4.5%PT were investigated as a function of crystallographic orientation. For 〈111〉 oriented crystals, crystal partial depoling and subsequent domain reorientation results in a peak in dij vs. E-field curves at ∼ 5kV/cm, followed by nonhysteretic dij saturation. This behavior indicates that crystal became single domain at E>30kV/cm. Low field values for dij's of single domain crystals were calculated by extrapolating these high field values. Hydrostatic piezoelectric coefficient dh ∼ 55pC/N, calculated for the single domain crystal, also could be measured in the hydrostatic chamber. In contrast to 〈111〉 poled crystals, stable domain configurations of 〈001〉 oriented crystals were the origin of consistent dij values regardless of the measurement technique. Piezoelectric coefficients, d33 ∼ 2280pC/N and d31 as high as -1000 pC/N were reproducibly measured. Although dh=d33+2d31 is relevant to the related symmetry, calculated dh - 300pC/N could not be obtained from the response under hydrostatic pressure ( dh ∼ 50pC/N ). This discrepancy is discussed in relation to the domain state and crystal symmetry.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=0000985350&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=0000985350&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1080/00150199908016451

DO - 10.1080/00150199908016451

M3 - Article

AN - SCOPUS:0000985350

VL - 221

SP - 169

EP - 174

JO - Ferroelectrics

JF - Ferroelectrics

SN - 0015-0193

IS - 1-4

ER -