E-field induced phase transformation and associated changes in dielectric/piezoelectric properties of 〈001〉-oriented rhombohedral 0.92Pb(Zn1/3Nb2/3)O3-0.08PbTiO3 crystals were investigated. The longitudinal strain level was found to abruptly increase at 20 kV/cm, corresponding to that where an induced phase appears within a multidomain matrix. Decreases in the dielectric constant (K 3 T∼4000 to 500), transverse coupling (k 31∼70% to 50%) and transverse piezoelectric coefficient (d 31∼ - 1100 to -200 pC/N) associated with the induced phase were the result of increased crystal anisotropy. By contrast, the thickness coupling (kT) increased from 53% at 0 kV/cm to 64% at 45 kV/cm, associated with this phase transition. The measured dielectric and piezoelectric properties found for the induced phase state were nearly identical to those of 〈001〉 poled tetragonal (1 - x)PZN-xPT (x>0.1) crystals. Based on these results, it is evident that the symmetry of induced phase is tetragonal, 4 mm.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Physics and Astronomy(all)