Early performance of 'fuji' and 'mcintosh' apple trees on several dwarf rootstocks in the 1999 NC-140 rootstock trial

W. R. Autio, B. H. Barritt, J. A. Cline, Robert Michael Crassweller, C. G. Embree, D. C. Ferree, M. E. Garcia, G. M. Greene, E. E. Hoover, R. S. Johnson, K. Kosola, J. Masabni, M. L. Parker, R. L. Perry, G. L. Reighard, T. L. Robinson, S. D. Seeley, M. Warmund

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

'Fuji' and 'McIntosh' apple trees (Malus × domestica Borkh.) on CG.3041, CG.4013, CG.5179, CG.5202, G.16N (liners from stool beds), G.16T (liners from tissue cultured plants), M.9 NAKBT337, M.26 EMLA, Supporter 1, Supporter 2 and Supporter 3 rootstocks were planted at 19 locations ('Fuji' at 10 sites and 'McIntosh' at 10 sites) throughout North America as a uniform trial coordinated by the NC-140 Technical Committee. After five growing seasons, the only significant loss was of trees on M.9 NAKBT337, where only 67% remained. The largest trees were on CG.4013, and the smallest 'Fuji' trees were on Supporter 1, Supporter 2, Supporter 3 and M.9 NAKBT337. Trees on CG.4013 yielded the most over the first 3 years of fruiting. Trees on M.9 NAKBT337 and M.26 EMLA had among the lowest yields over this period. Trees on most other rootstocks yielded similarly and consistently between the two cultivars. Trees on Supporter 1, Supporter 2, Supporter 3, G.16N, G.16T and M.9 NAKBT337 consistently were the most yield efficient (cumulatively). Those on M.26 EMLA, CG.5202 and CG.4013 were consistently the least efficient. M.26 EMLA, M.9 NAKBT337 and CG.5202 consistently resulted in average fruit weight within the highest group. Supporter 1, Supporter 2 and Supporter 3 resulted in the smallest fruit. G.16N and G.16T resulted in the largest 'Fuji' fruit and among the smallest 'McIntosh' fruit.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)127-133
Number of pages7
JournalActa Horticulturae
Volume732
StatePublished - Dec 1 2007

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rootstocks
apples
small fruits
fruits
Malus domestica
committees
fruiting
growing season
cultivars

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Horticulture

Cite this

Autio, W. R., Barritt, B. H., Cline, J. A., Crassweller, R. M., Embree, C. G., Ferree, D. C., ... Warmund, M. (2007). Early performance of 'fuji' and 'mcintosh' apple trees on several dwarf rootstocks in the 1999 NC-140 rootstock trial. Acta Horticulturae, 732, 127-133.
Autio, W. R. ; Barritt, B. H. ; Cline, J. A. ; Crassweller, Robert Michael ; Embree, C. G. ; Ferree, D. C. ; Garcia, M. E. ; Greene, G. M. ; Hoover, E. E. ; Johnson, R. S. ; Kosola, K. ; Masabni, J. ; Parker, M. L. ; Perry, R. L. ; Reighard, G. L. ; Robinson, T. L. ; Seeley, S. D. ; Warmund, M. / Early performance of 'fuji' and 'mcintosh' apple trees on several dwarf rootstocks in the 1999 NC-140 rootstock trial. In: Acta Horticulturae. 2007 ; Vol. 732. pp. 127-133.
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title = "Early performance of 'fuji' and 'mcintosh' apple trees on several dwarf rootstocks in the 1999 NC-140 rootstock trial",
abstract = "'Fuji' and 'McIntosh' apple trees (Malus × domestica Borkh.) on CG.3041, CG.4013, CG.5179, CG.5202, G.16N (liners from stool beds), G.16T (liners from tissue cultured plants), M.9 NAKBT337, M.26 EMLA, Supporter 1, Supporter 2 and Supporter 3 rootstocks were planted at 19 locations ('Fuji' at 10 sites and 'McIntosh' at 10 sites) throughout North America as a uniform trial coordinated by the NC-140 Technical Committee. After five growing seasons, the only significant loss was of trees on M.9 NAKBT337, where only 67{\%} remained. The largest trees were on CG.4013, and the smallest 'Fuji' trees were on Supporter 1, Supporter 2, Supporter 3 and M.9 NAKBT337. Trees on CG.4013 yielded the most over the first 3 years of fruiting. Trees on M.9 NAKBT337 and M.26 EMLA had among the lowest yields over this period. Trees on most other rootstocks yielded similarly and consistently between the two cultivars. Trees on Supporter 1, Supporter 2, Supporter 3, G.16N, G.16T and M.9 NAKBT337 consistently were the most yield efficient (cumulatively). Those on M.26 EMLA, CG.5202 and CG.4013 were consistently the least efficient. M.26 EMLA, M.9 NAKBT337 and CG.5202 consistently resulted in average fruit weight within the highest group. Supporter 1, Supporter 2 and Supporter 3 resulted in the smallest fruit. G.16N and G.16T resulted in the largest 'Fuji' fruit and among the smallest 'McIntosh' fruit.",
author = "Autio, {W. R.} and Barritt, {B. H.} and Cline, {J. A.} and Crassweller, {Robert Michael} and Embree, {C. G.} and Ferree, {D. C.} and Garcia, {M. E.} and Greene, {G. M.} and Hoover, {E. E.} and Johnson, {R. S.} and K. Kosola and J. Masabni and Parker, {M. L.} and Perry, {R. L.} and Reighard, {G. L.} and Robinson, {T. L.} and Seeley, {S. D.} and M. Warmund",
year = "2007",
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pages = "127--133",
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Autio, WR, Barritt, BH, Cline, JA, Crassweller, RM, Embree, CG, Ferree, DC, Garcia, ME, Greene, GM, Hoover, EE, Johnson, RS, Kosola, K, Masabni, J, Parker, ML, Perry, RL, Reighard, GL, Robinson, TL, Seeley, SD & Warmund, M 2007, 'Early performance of 'fuji' and 'mcintosh' apple trees on several dwarf rootstocks in the 1999 NC-140 rootstock trial', Acta Horticulturae, vol. 732, pp. 127-133.

Early performance of 'fuji' and 'mcintosh' apple trees on several dwarf rootstocks in the 1999 NC-140 rootstock trial. / Autio, W. R.; Barritt, B. H.; Cline, J. A.; Crassweller, Robert Michael; Embree, C. G.; Ferree, D. C.; Garcia, M. E.; Greene, G. M.; Hoover, E. E.; Johnson, R. S.; Kosola, K.; Masabni, J.; Parker, M. L.; Perry, R. L.; Reighard, G. L.; Robinson, T. L.; Seeley, S. D.; Warmund, M.

In: Acta Horticulturae, Vol. 732, 01.12.2007, p. 127-133.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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T1 - Early performance of 'fuji' and 'mcintosh' apple trees on several dwarf rootstocks in the 1999 NC-140 rootstock trial

AU - Autio, W. R.

AU - Barritt, B. H.

AU - Cline, J. A.

AU - Crassweller, Robert Michael

AU - Embree, C. G.

AU - Ferree, D. C.

AU - Garcia, M. E.

AU - Greene, G. M.

AU - Hoover, E. E.

AU - Johnson, R. S.

AU - Kosola, K.

AU - Masabni, J.

AU - Parker, M. L.

AU - Perry, R. L.

AU - Reighard, G. L.

AU - Robinson, T. L.

AU - Seeley, S. D.

AU - Warmund, M.

PY - 2007/12/1

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N2 - 'Fuji' and 'McIntosh' apple trees (Malus × domestica Borkh.) on CG.3041, CG.4013, CG.5179, CG.5202, G.16N (liners from stool beds), G.16T (liners from tissue cultured plants), M.9 NAKBT337, M.26 EMLA, Supporter 1, Supporter 2 and Supporter 3 rootstocks were planted at 19 locations ('Fuji' at 10 sites and 'McIntosh' at 10 sites) throughout North America as a uniform trial coordinated by the NC-140 Technical Committee. After five growing seasons, the only significant loss was of trees on M.9 NAKBT337, where only 67% remained. The largest trees were on CG.4013, and the smallest 'Fuji' trees were on Supporter 1, Supporter 2, Supporter 3 and M.9 NAKBT337. Trees on CG.4013 yielded the most over the first 3 years of fruiting. Trees on M.9 NAKBT337 and M.26 EMLA had among the lowest yields over this period. Trees on most other rootstocks yielded similarly and consistently between the two cultivars. Trees on Supporter 1, Supporter 2, Supporter 3, G.16N, G.16T and M.9 NAKBT337 consistently were the most yield efficient (cumulatively). Those on M.26 EMLA, CG.5202 and CG.4013 were consistently the least efficient. M.26 EMLA, M.9 NAKBT337 and CG.5202 consistently resulted in average fruit weight within the highest group. Supporter 1, Supporter 2 and Supporter 3 resulted in the smallest fruit. G.16N and G.16T resulted in the largest 'Fuji' fruit and among the smallest 'McIntosh' fruit.

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