Earthen construction materials: Assessing the feasibility of improving strength and deformability of compressed earth blocks using polypropylene fibers

Peter Donkor, Esther Obonyo

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

25 Scopus citations

Abstract

Earthen construction materials are often ecologically friendly and locally available. They are however weaker and poor in damage resilience compared to mainstream walling materials like fired bricks and concrete masonry units (CMU). Compressed earth blocks (CEB), a modern form of the adobe brick, are gaining popularity as a construction material globally because they are stronger and more dimensionally stable compared to earlier forms of earthen construction methods/techniques. Despite the strength improvement achieved through using CEBs over other traditional forms of earthen construction, they are still more brittle and weaker in bending and compression in comparison to CMU and fired bricks. This research investigated the potential of addressing some of the shortcomings of earthen construction materials by assessing the influence of polypropylene fibers on the strength, ductility, and deformability of CEBs. CEBs were produced using different fiber weight fractions and tested in both compression and bending. Overall, performance in bending and ductility were improved by the addition of fibers. The quantity of fibers present was found to have an influence on block strength, post-crack response, and deformability. The findings presented in this paper suggest that polypropylene fibers are a feasible fiber option for CEB production.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)813-819
Number of pages7
JournalMaterials and Design
Volume83
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Oct 15 2015

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All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Materials Science(all)
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Mechanical Engineering

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