Ecological countermeasures for preventing zoonotic disease outbreaks: when ecological restoration is a human health imperative

Jamie K. Reaser, Arne Witt, Gary M. Tabor, Peter J. Hudson, Raina K. Plowright

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Ecological restoration should be regarded as a public health service. Unfortunately, the lack of quantitative linkages between environmental and human health has limited recognition of this principle. The advent of the COVID-19 pandemic provides the impetus for further discussion. We propose ecological countermeasures as highly targeted, landscape-based interventions to arrest the drivers of land use-induced zoonotic spillover. We provide examples of ecological restoration activities that reduce zoonotic disease risk and a five-point action plan at the human-ecosystem health nexus. In conclusion, we make the case that ecological countermeasures are a tenet of restoration ecology with human health goals.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article numbere13357
JournalRestoration Ecology
Volume29
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - May 2021

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Ecology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics
  • Ecology
  • Nature and Landscape Conservation

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