Economic development and air pollution abatement: A state-level policy simulation of the 1990 Clean Air Act

Jon P. Nelson, William D. Anderson, David Lynn Passmore

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

This study simulates the economic development effects of several alternative policies for control of air pollution emissions in the state of Pennsylvania. Under the Clean Air Act Amendments of 1990, which require states to attain and maintain the ambient standard for ground-level ozone pollution, Pennsylvania and the other northeastern states must consider the possible adoption of the California standards for automobile tailpipe emissions. We simulate the economic effects of such a program for low-emission vehicles (LEV) using a regional economic model for Pennsylvania, and compare the economic impacts of the LEV program to two alternative policies that would require additional emission reductions: industrial point source controls (PSC) and mandatory use of cleaner reformulated gasoline. Although the relationship between the proposed controls and economic development is negative in each case, the magnitude of the impact is modest, and the effects of the LEV and PSC options have approximately the same magnitudes. However, larger effects occur when combined effects of programs are considered, suggesting that policy makers need to be sensitive to the simultaneous effects of policies.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)61-84
Number of pages24
JournalJournal of Environment and Development
Volume6
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 1997

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air pollution
economic development
atmospheric pollution
air
act
simulation
traffic emission
economics
point source
economic model
economic impact
motor vehicle
amendment
pollution abatement
policy
effect
automobile
ozone
pollution
programme

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Geography, Planning and Development
  • Development
  • Management, Monitoring, Policy and Law

Cite this

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Economic development and air pollution abatement : A state-level policy simulation of the 1990 Clean Air Act. / Nelson, Jon P.; Anderson, William D.; Passmore, David Lynn.

In: Journal of Environment and Development, Vol. 6, No. 1, 01.01.1997, p. 61-84.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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