Ecosystem simplification, biodiversity loss and plant virus emergence

Marilyn J. Roossinck, Fernando García-Arenal

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

48 Scopus citations

Abstract

Plant viruses can emerge into crops from wild plant hosts, or conversely from domestic (crop) plants into wild hosts. Changes in ecosystems, including loss of biodiversity and increases in managed croplands, can impact the emergence of plant virus disease. Although data are limited, in general the loss of biodiversity is thought to contribute to disease emergence. More in-depth studies have been done for human viruses, but studies with plant viruses suggest similar patterns, and indicate that simplification of ecosystems through increased human management may increase the emergence of viral diseases in crops.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)56-62
Number of pages7
JournalCurrent Opinion in Virology
Volume10
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 2015

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Virology

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