Ectoparasite Associations of Bats from Central Pennsylvania

Carl W. Dick, Michael R. Gannon, Wendy E. Little, Michael J. Patrick

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

34 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Between April and October 1997, 689 bats representing seven species were captured at Pennsylvania's Canoe Creek State Park. Each bat was sampled for ectoparasitic arthropods, and four species were collected from 13.2% of the host individuals. Ectoparasites include the bat flea Myodopsylla insignis (Rothschild), the wing mite Spinturnix americanus (Banks), the bed bug Cimex adjunctus Barber, and the soft tick Ornithodoros kelleyi Cooley & Kohls. Prevalence, relative density, and mean intensity were calculated for ectoparasites of Myotis lucifugus (Le Conte), which harbored all four ectoparasite species and was the most commonly captured host. Patterns of ectoparasite associations were examined with respect to host sex and habitat (roost characteristics). Female M. lucifugus hosted higher densities of ectoparasites than did males. Moreover, relative densities of ectoparasites from M. lucifugus were dependent on the proximate roost; hosts captured near Bat Church were more heavily parasitized than those captured near Hartman Mine. Two other bat species were infested with at least one ectoparasite, but sample sizes were too small to analyze statistically. These bat species included Myotis septentrionales (Trouessart), harboring M. insignis, S. americanus, and O. kelleyi, and Eptesicus fuscus (Beauvois), which harbored M. insignis and O. kelleyi.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)813-819
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of medical entomology
Volume40
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 2003

Fingerprint

ectoparasites
Chiroptera
Bedbugs
Specific Gravity
Argasidae
Ornithodoros
Cimex
Siphonaptera
Cimicidae
Arthropods
Mites
Myotis
Sample Size
Ecosystem
arthropods
mites
gender
habitats
Myotis lucifugus

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Parasitology
  • veterinary(all)
  • Insect Science
  • Infectious Diseases

Cite this

Dick, Carl W. ; Gannon, Michael R. ; Little, Wendy E. ; Patrick, Michael J. / Ectoparasite Associations of Bats from Central Pennsylvania. In: Journal of medical entomology. 2003 ; Vol. 40, No. 6. pp. 813-819.
@article{32bf0848a8bf4d4d862ec027a9bcc66d,
title = "Ectoparasite Associations of Bats from Central Pennsylvania",
abstract = "Between April and October 1997, 689 bats representing seven species were captured at Pennsylvania's Canoe Creek State Park. Each bat was sampled for ectoparasitic arthropods, and four species were collected from 13.2{\%} of the host individuals. Ectoparasites include the bat flea Myodopsylla insignis (Rothschild), the wing mite Spinturnix americanus (Banks), the bed bug Cimex adjunctus Barber, and the soft tick Ornithodoros kelleyi Cooley & Kohls. Prevalence, relative density, and mean intensity were calculated for ectoparasites of Myotis lucifugus (Le Conte), which harbored all four ectoparasite species and was the most commonly captured host. Patterns of ectoparasite associations were examined with respect to host sex and habitat (roost characteristics). Female M. lucifugus hosted higher densities of ectoparasites than did males. Moreover, relative densities of ectoparasites from M. lucifugus were dependent on the proximate roost; hosts captured near Bat Church were more heavily parasitized than those captured near Hartman Mine. Two other bat species were infested with at least one ectoparasite, but sample sizes were too small to analyze statistically. These bat species included Myotis septentrionales (Trouessart), harboring M. insignis, S. americanus, and O. kelleyi, and Eptesicus fuscus (Beauvois), which harbored M. insignis and O. kelleyi.",
author = "Dick, {Carl W.} and Gannon, {Michael R.} and Little, {Wendy E.} and Patrick, {Michael J.}",
year = "2003",
month = "11",
doi = "10.1603/0022-2585-40.6.813",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "40",
pages = "813--819",
journal = "Journal of Medical Entomology",
issn = "0022-2585",
publisher = "Entomological Society of America",
number = "6",

}

Ectoparasite Associations of Bats from Central Pennsylvania. / Dick, Carl W.; Gannon, Michael R.; Little, Wendy E.; Patrick, Michael J.

In: Journal of medical entomology, Vol. 40, No. 6, 11.2003, p. 813-819.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

TY - JOUR

T1 - Ectoparasite Associations of Bats from Central Pennsylvania

AU - Dick, Carl W.

AU - Gannon, Michael R.

AU - Little, Wendy E.

AU - Patrick, Michael J.

PY - 2003/11

Y1 - 2003/11

N2 - Between April and October 1997, 689 bats representing seven species were captured at Pennsylvania's Canoe Creek State Park. Each bat was sampled for ectoparasitic arthropods, and four species were collected from 13.2% of the host individuals. Ectoparasites include the bat flea Myodopsylla insignis (Rothschild), the wing mite Spinturnix americanus (Banks), the bed bug Cimex adjunctus Barber, and the soft tick Ornithodoros kelleyi Cooley & Kohls. Prevalence, relative density, and mean intensity were calculated for ectoparasites of Myotis lucifugus (Le Conte), which harbored all four ectoparasite species and was the most commonly captured host. Patterns of ectoparasite associations were examined with respect to host sex and habitat (roost characteristics). Female M. lucifugus hosted higher densities of ectoparasites than did males. Moreover, relative densities of ectoparasites from M. lucifugus were dependent on the proximate roost; hosts captured near Bat Church were more heavily parasitized than those captured near Hartman Mine. Two other bat species were infested with at least one ectoparasite, but sample sizes were too small to analyze statistically. These bat species included Myotis septentrionales (Trouessart), harboring M. insignis, S. americanus, and O. kelleyi, and Eptesicus fuscus (Beauvois), which harbored M. insignis and O. kelleyi.

AB - Between April and October 1997, 689 bats representing seven species were captured at Pennsylvania's Canoe Creek State Park. Each bat was sampled for ectoparasitic arthropods, and four species were collected from 13.2% of the host individuals. Ectoparasites include the bat flea Myodopsylla insignis (Rothschild), the wing mite Spinturnix americanus (Banks), the bed bug Cimex adjunctus Barber, and the soft tick Ornithodoros kelleyi Cooley & Kohls. Prevalence, relative density, and mean intensity were calculated for ectoparasites of Myotis lucifugus (Le Conte), which harbored all four ectoparasite species and was the most commonly captured host. Patterns of ectoparasite associations were examined with respect to host sex and habitat (roost characteristics). Female M. lucifugus hosted higher densities of ectoparasites than did males. Moreover, relative densities of ectoparasites from M. lucifugus were dependent on the proximate roost; hosts captured near Bat Church were more heavily parasitized than those captured near Hartman Mine. Two other bat species were infested with at least one ectoparasite, but sample sizes were too small to analyze statistically. These bat species included Myotis septentrionales (Trouessart), harboring M. insignis, S. americanus, and O. kelleyi, and Eptesicus fuscus (Beauvois), which harbored M. insignis and O. kelleyi.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=1642570334&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=1642570334&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1603/0022-2585-40.6.813

DO - 10.1603/0022-2585-40.6.813

M3 - Article

C2 - 14765658

AN - SCOPUS:1642570334

VL - 40

SP - 813

EP - 819

JO - Journal of Medical Entomology

JF - Journal of Medical Entomology

SN - 0022-2585

IS - 6

ER -