Effect of a single nucleotide polymorphism in the murine double minute 2 promoter (SNP309) on the sensitivity to topoisomerase II-targeting drugs

Mamatha S. Nayak, Jin Ming Yang, William N. Hait

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38 Scopus citations

Abstract

A single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) SNP309 (T→G) in the murine double minute 2 (MDM2) promoter creates a high-affinity Sp1 binding site and increases the expression of MDM2 mRNA and protein. Approximately 40% of the populations harbor at least one variant allele and 12% to 17% are homozygous G/G at codon 309. This MDM2 SNP increases susceptibility to cancer and decreases the response ofcancer cells to certain forms of treatment, such as radiation therapy and DNA-damaging drugs. Topoisomerase II (TopoII)-targeting agents are commonly used chemotherapeutic drugs with a broad spectrum ofactivity. However, resistance to TopoII poisons limits their effectiveness. We show that MDM2 SNP309 rendered a panel of cancer cell lines that are homozygous for SNP309 selectively resistant ( ≃ 10-fold) to certain TopoII-targeting chemotherapeutic drugs (etoposide, mitoxantrone, amsacrine, and ellipticine). The mechanism underlying this observation was Mdm2-mediated down-regulation of TopoII; on drug exposure, MDM2 bound to TopoII and resulted in decreased cellular enzyme content. Knockdown of MDM2 by RNA interference stabilized TopoIIα and decreased resistance to TopoII-targeting drugs. Thus, MDM2 SNP309 (T→G) may represent a relatively common, previously unappreciated determinant of drug sensitivity. Given the frequency of SNP309 in the general population (40% in heterozygous T/G and 12% in homozygous G/G condition), our observation may have important implications for the individualization of cancer chemotherapy.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)5831-5839
Number of pages9
JournalCancer Research
Volume67
Issue number12
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 15 2007

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Oncology
  • Cancer Research

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